Tzu-Chun Tsai

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES ESRD in the young represents a heavy burden to patients, families, and health care systems. This nationwide retrospective study characterized the incidence of ESRD and analyzed diagnoses associated with renal survival in the young population in Taiwan. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Through use of Taiwan's National(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Under-utilization of Papanicolaou (Pap) smear causes a gap in the prevention of cervical neoplasms. A prospective population-based study was conducted investigating whether a self-sampling human papillomavirus (HPV) test was feasible for under-users of Pap smear and factors associated with under-screening in Taiwan. METHODS Women not(More)
The tbx5 mutation in human causes Holt-Oram syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition characterized by a familial history of congenital heart defects and preaxial radial upper-limb defects. We report aberrant apoptosis and dormant cell growth over head, heart, trunk, fin, and tail of zebrafish embryos with tbx5 deficiency correspond to the dysmorphogenesis(More)
Dysmorphogenesis and multiple organ defects are well known in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos with T-box transcription factor 5 (tbx5) deficiencies, mimicking human Holt-Oram syndrome. Using an oligonucleotide-based microarray analysis to study the expression of special genes in tbx5 morphants, we demonstrated that GH and some GH-related genes were markedly(More)
Ovarian torsion is a well-known but poorly recognized disease. Although ovarian torsion is the most common complication of ovarian tumors in children, it is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain in pediatric patients. Ovaries can be only salvaged by prompt diagnosis and timely surgical intervention. Acute ovarian torsion without appropriate treatment may(More)
Cytokine-mediated interactions among inflammatory cells may contribute to pathogenesis of allergic asthma. To understand the role of soluble interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) on the disease activity and regulation in asthma, changes in serum concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-beta elaborated by activated T-lymphocyte before(More)
We report two children with otitis media who developed facial palsy despite prompt antibiotic therapy. Brain images revealed silent mastoiditis. Persistent otorrhea may be a cautious sign of medical treatment failure or complication of acute otitis media, including mastoiditis or facial palsy. Delayed identification of coexisting mastoiditis or hesitation(More)
The cysteinyl leukotrienes cause bronchoconstriction, increased mucus production and airway inflammation, three major features of asthma. Several randomized controlled trials have shown the efficacy of leukotriene receptor antagonists for improving asthma outcomes. The drug is favored for treating childhood asthma, where poor compliance with inhalation(More)
BACKGROUND Immunotherapy has been widely used in the treatment of allergic diseases. We evaluated the clinical efficacy of specific immunotherapy with extracts of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) and Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) in children with asthma. METHODS All 40 children had moderate-to-severe asthma and positive allergen tests for Dp and Df.(More)