Tzu-Chiang Liu

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The neuronal intermediate filaments include not only the neurofilament triplet proteins but also peripherin and alpha-internexin. To determine whether neurite outgrowth is enhanced by alpha-internexin, the cDNA of rat alpha-internexin tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was transfected into a rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line PC12(More)
This study presents a novel Adaptive resonance theory-Counterpropagation neural network (ART-CPN) for solving forecasting problems. The network is based on the ART concept and the CPN learning algorithm for constructing the neural network. The vigilance parameter is used to automatically generate the nodes of the cluster layer for the CPN learning process.(More)
Packaging is classified as one of back-end processes in the integrated circuits (ICs) manufacturing, highly capital-intensive and involves complex processes. Unlike the front-end process that fabricates wafers, the back-end process is rarely uniform. Because of the complexity of the process and increasing variety of products, the packaging foundry(More)
Medical ultrasound (US) has been widely used for distinguishing benign from malignant peripheral soft tissue tumors. However, diagnosis by US is subjective and depends on the experience of the radiologists. The rarity of peripheral soft tissue tumors can make them easily neglected and this frequently leads to delayed diagnosis, which results in a much(More)
There are two well-known methods to assess bone age, the Greulich-Pyle method and the Tanner-Whitehouse method, which both utilize the hand radiogram to make bone-age assessment to assist medical doctors to identify the growth status of children. Basically, the morphology of bones could be evaluated to quantitatively describe the maturity. The study(More)
—Precise and effective bony segmentation from soft tissues on hand radiograph is very critical in the bone age assessment, especially for separating phalanx and epiphyseal/metaphyseal region of interests (EMROIs) from the background and soft tissue. Our aim is to locate and segment the EMROIs based on children's hand radiographs, in which the images are(More)
The study presents a algorithm to screen the children with Turnerpsilas Syndrome based on the hand digital images analysis. The ratio of the distal-middle phalanx of the left fifth finger versus chronological age in normal children and children with Turnerpsilas syndrome were analyzed. Most Turner syndrome cases mixed with few normal cases are identified in(More)
BACKGROUND Turner syndrome (TS) is a congenital chromosomal abnormality, resulting in short stature, short fourth metacarpal, and retarded skeletal maturation in children. The existing methods of diagnosis, which include carpal angle, metacarpal sign, and body mass index (BMI), cannot accurately diagnose TS. The authors propose a novel procedure for(More)
The neuronal intermediate filaments include not only the neurofilament triplet proteins but also peripherin and α-internexin. To determine whether neurite outgrowth is enhanced by α-internexin, the cDNA of rat α-internexin tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was transfected into a rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line PC-12 that responds(More)