Tzu-Cheg Kao

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The steroid androst-5-ene-3ß,17ß-diol (5-androstenediol, 5-AED) elevates circulating granulocytes and platelets in animals and humans, and enhances survival during the acute radiation syndrome (ARS) in mice and non-human primates. 5-AED promotes survival of irradiated human hematopoietic progenitors in vitro through induction of Nuclear Factor-κB(More)
We examined presynaptic cholinergic markers and beta-secretase activity during progressive central nervous system amyloidogenesis in Tg2576 Alzheimer mice (transgenic for human amyloid precursor protein Swedish mutation; hAPPswe). At 14, 18, and 23 months of age there were no significant differences between wild-type and transgenic mice in four distinct(More)
BACKGROUND Some forms of pharmacotherapy are shown to increase the risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether pharmacotherapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPI), inhaled corticosteroids, and atypical antipsychotics was associated with the increased risk for CAP in hospitalized older adults with the(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess recovery from hematopoietic and gastrointestinal damage by Ex-RAD(®), also known as ON01210.Na (4-carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone, sodium salt), after total body radiation. In our previous study, we reported that Ex-RAD, a small-molecule radioprotectant, enhances survival of mice exposed to gamma radiation, and(More)
PURPOSE We studied serum monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) levels in breast cancer patients in relationship to their clinicopathologic variables and immune response to a /neu E75 vaccine. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We measured MCP-1 levels in 32 /neu(+) breast cancer patients before and after vaccination with a /neu E75 peptide + granulocyte macrophage(More)
BACKGROUND Constipation is highly prevalent in older adults and may be associated with greater frequency of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). We investigated the prevalence of lower defecation frequency (DF) and risk factors (including AECOPD) associated with lower DF among hospitalized elderly patients. METHODS We(More)
The issue of consistency and reliability arises frequently in applied clinical trials, and there is a considerable amount of literature on this topic. For a continuous random variable, we describe a process to assess whether the mean and variance are the same from one evaluation to the other and we derive the intraclass correlation (ICC) for evaluating(More)
Purpose. This study was designed to determine the efficacy and mechanisms of radioprotection by the combination of gamma-tocotrienol (GT3) and pentoxifylline (PTX) against acute radiation injury. Materials and Methods. Post-irradiation survival was monitored to determine the most efficacious dose and time of administration of PTX. Dose reduction factor(More)
Sensitivity to blood, injury, and mutilation (SBIM) may increase risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), given that traumatic events often involve actual or perceived threat of bodily harm to oneself and/or others, including exposure to blood and other mutilation-related stimuli. A self-report questionnaire was administered to male, active duty, U.S.(More)
IMPORTANCE Suicide attempts in the US Army have risen in the past decade. Understanding the association between suicide attempts and deployment, as well as method and timing of suicide attempts, can assist in developing interventions. OBJECTIVE To examine suicide attempt risk factors, methods, and timing among soldiers currently deployed, previously(More)