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BACKGROUND Internal ribosomal entry sites (IRESs) provide alternative, cap-independent translation initiation sites in eukaryotic cells. IRES elements are important factors in viral genomes and are also useful tools for bi-cistronic expression vectors. Most existing RNA structure prediction programs are unable to deal with IRES elements. RESULTS We(More)
The internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) functions as cap-independent translation initiation sites in eukaryotic cells. IRES elements have been applied as useful tools for bi-cistronic expression vectors. Current RNA structure prediction programs are unable to predict precisely the potential IRES element. We have designed a viral IRES prediction system(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. Severe memory loss, confusion, and impaired cognitive abilities characterize AD. It was only a century after Alzheimer's discovery that scientists were able to shed light on the mystery of its cause, but AD has also become a globally important health issue and the treatment of AD is a challenge(More)
Chikungunya fever is a pandemic disease caused by the mosquito-borne Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). E1 glycoprotein mediation of viral membrane fusion during CHIKV infection is a crucial step in the release of viral genome into the host cytoplasm for replication. How the E1 structure determines membrane fusion and whether other CHIKV structural proteins(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, and one of the principal causes leading to death around the world. It is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that still remains without definite cure. Memantine, a licensed AD drug, is an open-channel and partial trapping blocker that functions as a potent NMDA receptor antagonist, even at(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we proposed a hypothesis to explain the mechanisms of memantine action in treating Alzheimer disease (AD). Memantine may reduce the expression of amyloid precursor protein and tau protein, as well as acting as an antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in the brain. RESULTS Two neuropathologic characteristics of AD are(More)
A bicistronic baculovirus expression vector and fluorescent protein-based assays were used to identify the sequences that possess internal translation activity in baculovirus-infected insect cells. We demonstrated that the 5' untranslated region (5'UTR; 473 nucleotides) of Perina nuda virus (PnV) and the 5'UTR (579 nucleotides) of Rhopalosiphum padi virus(More)
Axons are long, slender processes of neurons that have various functions at different stages of development. Here, we report the use of a chip device to study the effects of various exogenous proteins on the growth and presynaptic differentiation of axons in a high-throughput manner. The device consists of a glass chip whose surface contains a(More)
The baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is widely used as a tool for expressing of recombinant proteins in insect cells or larvae. However, the expression level of secretion pathway proteins is often lower than that of cytosolic and nucleus proteins. Thus, we attempted to improve production of secreted proteins by using a secretory alkaline(More)
The 579-nucleotide 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of the Rhopalosiphum padi virus (RhPV) possesses a cross-kingdom internal ribosome entry site (IRES) activity that functions in insect, mammalian, and plant-derived in vitro translation systems, and six TAAG motifs within the DNA fragment encoding the RhPV 5'UTR were previously found to confer the RhPV 5'UTR(More)