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Taiwanofungus camphoratus (syn. Antrodia camphorata), a medicinal mushroom in Taiwan, is reputed to provide several therapeutic benefits, but the wild fruiting body is very rare. In this study, we used Taiwanofungus camphoratus extracts from wild fruiting bodies and two types of artificial cultivation (solid-state culture and liquid-state fermentation) to(More)
Eight naturally purified microcystins (MCs), including MC-LR, -FR, -WR, -RR, [d-Asp(3)]MC-FR, -WR, -RR, and [Dha(7)]MC-RR were utilized to determine the effects of amino acid substitutions and modifications on MC-induced protein phosphatase inhibition activity and mouse toxicity. Catalytic subunits of protein phosphatase 1 (PP-1) and 2A (PP-2A) were(More)
The fungus-derived compound cephalochromin, isolated from the fermented broth of Cosmospora vilior YMJ89051501, shows growth-inhibitory and apoptotic activity against human lung cancer A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 2.8 μM at 48 h. Cephalochromin induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase through down-regulation of(More)
Antroquinonol ( 1), an ubiquinone derivative, was isolated from the solid-state fermented mycelium of Antrodia camphorata (Polyporaceae, Aphyllophorales), a parasitic fungus indigenous to Taiwan. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by the analysis of their spectroscopic data. Its cytotoxic activities were evaluated against MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 (human(More)
BACKGROUND Arctium lappa (Niubang), a Chinese herbal medicine, is used to treat tissue inflammation. This study investigates the effects of arctigenin (AC), isolated from A. lappa, on anti-CD3/CD28 Ab-stimulated cell proliferation and cytokine gene expression in primary human T lymphocytes. METHODS Cell proliferation was determined with enzyme(More)
DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) catalyzes DNA methylation and is overexpressed in various human diseases, including cancer. A rational approach to preventing tumorigenesis involves the use of pharmacologic inhibitors of DNA methylation; these inhibitors should reactivate tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) in tumor cells and restore tumor suppressor pathways.(More)
From the methanolic extract of the leaves of Ficus ruficaulis Merr. var. antaoensis, 5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6-hydroxyangelicin (1), 6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-5-hydroxyangelicin (2), 5,6-O-beta-D-diglucopyranosylangelicin (3), 8-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-5-hydroxypsoralen (4), 5-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-8-hydroxypsoralen (5),(More)
Cholesterol is one of the most ubiquitous compounds in nature. The 9,10-seco-pathway for the aerobic degradation of cholesterol was established thirty years ago. This pathway is characterized by the extensive use of oxygen and oxygenases for substrate activation and ring fission. The classical pathway was the only catabolic pathway adopted by all studies on(More)
Calocetriol (1), diacetylcalocediol (2), and ferrugimenthenol (3) were isolated from the bark of Calocedrus macrolepis var. formosana. Among them, 1 and 2 are secoabietane-type diterpenoids, and 3, with a novel C(20)-C(10) skeleton, is classified as a meroterpenoid. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, and their biological(More)
A new C19 gamma-lactone, cinnakotolactone (1), along with a known analogue, isolinderanolide B (2), were isolated from the n-hexane layer of the leaf extracts of Cinnamomum kotoense. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. The anti-proliferation activities of 1 and 2 were evaluated against human HT29 and MCF-7 cancer cell(More)