Tzi-Yuan Wang

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Gene expression is regulated both by cis elements, which are DNA segments closely linked to the genes they regulate, and by trans factors, which are usually proteins capable of diffusing to unlinked genes. Understanding the patterns and sources of regulatory variation is crucial for understanding phenotypic and genome evolution. Here, we measure genome-wide(More)
To study the regulatory and functional differentiation between the mesophyll (M) and bundle sheath (BS) cells of maize (Zea mays), we isolated large quantities of highly homogeneous M and BS cells from newly matured second leaves for transcriptome profiling by RNA sequencing. A total of 52,421 annotated genes with at least one read were found in the two(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been identified as key sensors of invading microbes by identifying pathogen-associated molecular patterns and activating innate immune responses. Whereas purifying selection has been suggested in mammalian TLR9, evolutionary features of TLR9 in teleosts have not been investigated in detail. We therefore analysed TLR9 DNA(More)
Gene expression evolution can be caused by changes in cis- or trans-regulatory elements or both. As cis and trans regulation operate through different molecular mechanisms, cis and trans mutations may show different inheritance patterns and may be subjected to different selective constraints. To investigate these issues, we obtained and analyzed gene(More)
Both cis- and trans-regulatory mutations contribute to gene expression divergence within and between species. To estimate their relative contributions, we examined two yeast strains, BY (a laboratory strain) and RM (a wild strain), for their gene-expression divergence by microarray. Using these data and published ChIP-chip data, we obtained a set of(More)
BACKGROUND Neocallimastix patriciarum is one of the common anaerobic fungi in the digestive tracts of ruminants that can actively digest cellulosic materials, and its cellulases have great potential for hydrolyzing cellulosic feedstocks. Due to the difficulty in culture and lack of a genome database, it is not easy to gain a global understanding of the(More)
BACKGROUND Cellulose, which is the most abundant renewable biomass on earth, is a potential bio-resource of alternative energy. The hydrolysis of plant polysaccharides is catalyzed by microbial cellulases, including endo-β-1,4-glucanases, cellobiohydrolases, cellodextrinases, and β-glucosidases. Converting cellobiose by β-glucosidases is the key factor for(More)
Gene expression evolution occurs through changes in cis- or trans-regulatory elements or both. Interactions between transcription factors (TFs) and their binding sites (TFBSs) constitute one of the most important points where these two regulatory components intersect. In this study, we investigated the evolution of TFBSs in the promoter regions of different(More)
3'-Hydroxygenistein can be obtained from the biotransformation of genistein by the engineered Pichia pastoris X-33 strain, which harbors a fusion gene composed of CYP57B3 from Aspergillus oryzae and a cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase gene (sCPR) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. P. pastoris X-33 mutants with higher 3'-hydroxygenistein production were selected(More)
Biodiversity Research Center (Y.-M.C., W.-Y.L., M.-N.S., M.-Y.J.L., T.-Y.W., W.-H.L.), Genomics Research Center (Y.-M.C., W.-Y.L., S.M.C., W.-H.L.), and Institute of Information Science (A.C.-C.S., C.-H.L.), Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115; Institute of Bioagricultural Science, National Chiayi University, Chiayi, Taiwan 600 (H.-W.Y., M.S.B.K.);(More)