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Medicinal plants of the Dendrobium genus are highly prized, and hence, methodologies have been developed to authenticate Dendrobium drugs from its adulterants. Many bioactive constituents of Dendrobium species have been identified. The macromolecules included lectins; the enzymes chalcone synthase, sucrose synthase, and cytokinin oxidase; and(More)
Ribonucleases (RNases) are a type of nucleases that catalyze the degradation of RNA into smaller components. They exist in a wide range of life forms from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. RNase-controlled RNA degradation is a determining factor in the control of gene expression, maturation and turnover, which are further associated with the progression of cancers(More)
Sumoylation has emerged as an indispensable post-translational modification that modulates the functions of a broad spectrum of proteins. Recent studies have demonstrated that reactive oxygen species influence the equilibrium of sumoylation-desumoylation. We show herein that H2O2 induces formation of an intermolecular disulfide linkage of human SUMO(More)
An antifungal protein, with a molecular mass of 41.9 kDa, and designated as bacisubin, was isolated from a culture of Bacillus subtilis strain B-916. The isolation procedure consisted of ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose Fast Flow, and fast protein liquid chromatography on Phenyl Sepharose 6 Fast Flow and hydroxyapatite columns. The protein was(More)
A peptide, with a molecular mass of 7458 Da, was purified from the seeds of white cloud beans (Phaseolus vulgaris cv. 'white cloud bean'). This peptide was isolated using a simple protocol consisting of affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel and gel filtration on Superdex 75. The peptide had both antifungal and antibacterial activities. It reduced the(More)
Mating tests, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence analysis, intergenic spacer 1-restriction fragment length polymorphism (IGS1-RFLP), IGS1 sequence analysis, and IGS2-RFLP analysis were carried out on isolates of 17 morphologically different Pleurotus mushrooms collected on Ferula sinkiangensis. The isolates were divided, based on mating tests and(More)
A 66-kDa laccase, with an N-terminal sequence different from those of other mushroom laccases, was purified from fresh fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Pleurotus cornucopiae by using affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel, ion exchange chromatography on Mono Q and gel filtration on Superdex 75. The procedure resulted in a 16-fold purification(More)
A novel lysozyme exhibiting antifungal activity and with a molecular mass of 14.4kDa in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was isolated from mung bean (Phaseolus mungo) seeds using a procedure that involved aqueous extraction, ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion exchange chromatography on CM-Sephadex, and high-performance liquid chromatography on POROS(More)
A novel laccase gene Lac1 and its cDNA were cloned from a white-rot fungus Cerrena sp. and characterized. The 1554-bp cDNA of Lac1 encoded a mature protein with 497 amino acids, preceded by a signal peptide of 20 amino acids. An unconventional intron splice site and incomplete splicing variants of Lac1 were observed. Lac1 was heterologously expressed in the(More)
The isolation of a dimeric 29.8-kDa lectin (LFL) from dried Lactarius flavidulus fruit bodies is reported herein. The chromatographic procedure utilized comprised anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, cation-exchange chromatography on CM-cellulose, anion-exchange chromatography on SP-Sepharose, and gel filtration by fast protein liquid(More)