Tze Chien Sum

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Low-temperature solution-processed photovoltaics suffer from low efficiencies because of poor exciton or electron-hole diffusion lengths (typically about 10 nanometers). Recent reports of highly efficient CH3NH3PbI3-based solar cells in a broad range of configurations raise a compelling case for understanding the fundamental photophysical mechanisms in(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) solid-state micro/nanolasers are important building blocks for true integration of optoelectronic circuitry. Although significant progress has been made in III-V nanowire lasers with achieving NIR lasing at room temperature, challenges remain including low quantum efficiencies and high Auger losses. Importantly, the obstacles toward(More)
Constrained by large ohmic and radiation losses, plasmonic nanolasers operated at visible regime are usually achieved either with a high threshold (10(2)-10(4) MW cm(-2)) or at cryogenic temperatures (4-120 K). Particularly, the bending-back effect of surface plasmon (SP) dispersion at high energy makes the SP lasing below 450 nm more challenging. Here we(More)
We report an economic and noble-metal-free artificial photosynthetic system, consisting of g-C3N4 as a photosensitizer and a photocatalyst, and cobaloxime as a co-catalyst, for H2 generation. This system allows for effective electron transfer from excited g-C3N4 to Co(III)(dmgH)2pyCl to generate reduced cobaloxime intermediate species for efficient H2(More)
Although being considered as one of the most promising cathode materials for Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 (NCM) is currently limited by its poor rate performance and cycle stability resulting from the thermodynamically favorable Li(+)/Ni(2+) cation mixing which depresses the Li(+) mobility. In this study, we developed a two-step method(More)
A facile, solvothermal synthesis of mesoporous cerium oxide nanospheres is reported for the purpose of the photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes and future applications in sustainable energy research. The earth-abundant, relatively affordable, mixed valence cerium oxide sample, which consists of predominantly Ce7O12, has been characterized by powder(More)
Saturable absorption of graphene was experimentally and theoretically investigated in femtosecond time regime with the z-scan technique. The initial ultrafast carrier relaxation time was determined to be ∼8(±3) fs. Such ultrafast dynamics is far beyond the time resolution of other ultrafast techniques with typical hundred fs laser pulses. Our(More)
Organic-inorganic halide perovskites (e.g., CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>PbI<sub>3</sub>) possesses exceptional optoelectronic properties for photovoltaics. Amazingly, this material system also has outstanding optical gain properties ideal for lasing applications. Two years had elapsed since the discovery of amplified spontaneous emission and lasing from(More)
Hot-carrier solar cells can overcome the Schottky-Queisser limit by harvesting excess energy from hot carriers. Inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals are considered prime candidates. However, hot-carrier harvesting is compromised by competitive relaxation pathways (for example, intraband Auger process and defects) that overwhelm their phonon bottlenecks.(More)
Post-fabrication thermal-annealed ZnO nanowires (NWs) in an oxidizing (or a reducing) ambient were investigated using transient photoluminescence and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Our findings reveal an ultrafast hole-transfer process to the surface adsorbed oxygen species (e.g., O(2)(-)) occurring within a few hundred picoseconds (ps) in the(More)