Learn More
Intrinsic defects such as vacancies, interstitials, and anti-sites often introduce rich luminescent properties in II-VI semiconductor nanomaterials. A clear understanding of the dynamics of the defect-related excitons is particularly important for the design and optimization of nanoscale optoelectronic devices. In this paper, low-temperature steady-state(More)
The ultrafast saturable absorption in graphene is experimentally and theoretically investigated in the femtosecond (fs) time regime. This phenomenon is well-modeled with valence band depletion, conduction band filling and ultrafast intraband carrier thermalization. The latter is dominated by intraband carrier-carrier scattering with a scattering time of 8 ((More)
Iron pyrite has received significant attention due to its high optical absorption. However, the loss of open circuit voltage (Voc) prevents its further application in photovoltaics. Herein, we have studied the photophysics of pyrite by ultrafast laser spectroscopy to understand fundamental limitation of low Voc by quantifying photocarrier losses in high(More)
Low-temperature solution-processed photovoltaics suffer from low efficiencies because of poor exciton or electron-hole diffusion lengths (typically about 10 nanometers). Recent reports of highly efficient CH3NH3PbI3-based solar cells in a broad range of configurations raise a compelling case for understanding the fundamental photophysical mechanisms in(More)
Low-temperature solution-processed materials that show optical gain and can be embedded into a wide range of cavity resonators are attractive for the realization of on-chip coherent light sources. Organic semiconductors and colloidal quantum dots are considered the main candidates for this application. However, stumbling blocks in organic lasing include(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) solid-state micro/nanolasers are important building blocks for true integration of optoelectronic circuitry. Although significant progress has been made in III-V nanowire lasers with achieving NIR lasing at room temperature, challenges remain including low quantum efficiencies and high Auger losses. Importantly, the obstacles toward(More)
Ultralow-threshold two-photon pumped amplified spontaneous emission (2ASE) and lasing in seeded CdSe/CdS nanodot/nanorod heterostructures is demonstrated for the first time. Such heterostructures allow the independent tunability of the two-photon absorption (2PA) cross-section (σ(2)) through varying the CdS rod size, and that of the emission wavelength(More)
A facile, solvothermal synthesis of mesoporous cerium oxide nanospheres is reported for the purpose of the photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes and future applications in sustainable energy research. The earth-abundant, relatively affordable, mixed valence cerium oxide sample, which consists of predominantly Ce7O12, has been characterized by powder(More)
There has been much controversy over the incorporation of organic-ligand-encapsulated plasmonic nanoparticles in the active layer of bulk heterojunction organic solar cells, where both enhancement and detraction in performance have been reported. Here through comprehensive transient optical spectroscopy and electrical characterization, we demonstrate(More)
Constrained by large ohmic and radiation losses, plasmonic nanolasers operated at visible regime are usually achieved either with a high threshold (10(2)-10(4) MW cm(-2)) or at cryogenic temperatures (4-120 K). Particularly, the bending-back effect of surface plasmon (SP) dispersion at high energy makes the SP lasing below 450 nm more challenging. Here we(More)