Tyuji Hoshino

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Cytochrome P450 (CYP) is deeply involved in the metabolism of chemicals including pharmaceuticals. Therefore, polymorphisms of this enzyme have been widely studied to avoid unfavorable side effects of drugs in chemotherapy. In this work, we performed computational analysis of the mechanism of the decrease in enzymatic activity for three typical(More)
A prominent characteristic of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is its high genetic variability, which generates diversity of the virus and often causes a serious problem of the emergence of drug-resistant mutants. Subtype B HIV-1 is dominant in advanced countries, and the mortality rate due to subtype B HIV-1 has been decreased during the past(More)
A typical docking simulation provides information on the structure of ligand-receptor complexes and their binding affinity in terms of a docking energy. We have developed a potent method combining a docking simulation with cluster analysis to extract adequate docking structures from the many possible output structures of the simulation. First, we tried to(More)
A computational study was performed on the Mg(2+)-free conformations of the small guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (GNBPs): Ras, Rho, Rab, Arf, and Ran, which were complexed with GDP. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation was executed for each complex for the duration of 3.0 ns to investigate the effects of Mg(2+) ions on the GNBPs' structure. The results(More)
The RNase H activity associated with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is an attractive target for an antiretroviral drug development. We screened 20000 small-molecular-weight compounds for RNase H inhibitors and identified a novel RNase H-inhibiting structure characterized by a 5-nitro-furan-2-carboxylic acid carbamoylmethyl ester (NACME) moiety.(More)
GM1 gangliosides form a microdomain with sphingomyeline (SM) and cholesterol (Chol) and are deeply involved in the aggregation of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides on neural membranes. We performed molecular dynamics simulations on two kinds of lipid bilayers containing GM1 ganglioside: GM1/SM/Chol and GM1/POPC. Both 10 and 100 ns simulations and another set of 10(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is one of the most frequent solid tumors in children and its prognosis is still poor. The neurotrophin receptor TrkB and its ligand brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are expressed at high levels in high-risk NBs and are involved in defining the poor prognosis of the patients. However, the TrkB targeting therapy has never been(More)
The kinetic analysis of coumarin oxidation by CYP2A6 suggested that substrate binding and release occurred in the multiple steps and such events proceeded rapidly. However, the crystal structure of the CYP2A6-coumarin complex reveals that no obvious channel is open enough to allow coumarin to pass through. Thus, an intriguing and important question arises:(More)
Accumulation and fibril formation of amyloid β (Aβ) peptides onto a ganglioside-rich lipid membrane is a cause of neuro-disturbance diseases. To find out a measure for suppressing the nucleation of a seed for amyloid fibrils, the mechanism of the initial binding of Aβ to the membrane should be clarified. Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out to(More)
Seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics caused by influenza viruses are global threats to humans. Since the efficacy of currently approved drugs is limited by the emerging resistance of the viruses, the development of new antiviral drugs is still demanded. Endonuclease activity, which lies in the influenza polymerase acidic protein N-terminal domain(More)