Tytti Graeffe

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Liquid packaging boards and blanks were examined for microbial contaminants. A total of 218 strains were identified and representatives of the most frequent species were characterized for their potential for food spoilage. Contaminants found were aerobic spore-forming bacteria, mostly Bacillus megaterium, B. licheniformis, B. cereus group, B. pumilus,(More)
Plasmids having the structural gene of nisin (nis A) combined with the subtilin or two hybrid subtilin-nisin leaders were integrated into the subtilin operon in the chromosome of a nisin-resistant and subtilin-producing strain of B. subtilis by single crossing over. Nisin was produced only when the leader consisted mainly of the nisin part. This indicates(More)
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