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Hemodynamic forces regulate embryonic organ development, hematopoiesis, vascular remodeling, and atherogenesis. The mechanosensory stimulus of blood flow initiates a complex network of intracellular pathways, including activation of Rac1 GTPase, establishment of endothelial cell (EC) polarity, and redox signaling. The activity of the nicotinamide adenine(More)
The T-cell lymphoma invasion and metastasis gene 1 (Tiam1) is a guanine exchange factor (GEF) for the Rho-family GTPase Rac1 that is crucial for the integrity of adherens junctions, tight junctions, and cell-matrix interactions. This GEF contains several protein-protein interaction domains, including a PDZ domain. Earlier studies identified a consensus(More)
Guanine nucleotide exchange factor proteins of the Tiam family are activators of the Rho GTPase Rac1 and critical for cell morphology, adhesion, migration, and polarity. These proteins are modular and contain a variety of interaction domains, including a single post-synaptic density-95/discs large/zonula occludens-1 (PDZ) domain. Previous studies suggest(More)
RlmM (YgdE) catalyzes the S-adenosyl methionine (AdoMet)-dependent 2'O methylation of C2498 in 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) of Escherichia coli. Previous experiments have shown that RlmM is active on 23S rRNA from an RlmM knockout strain but not on mature 50S subunits from the same strain. Here, we demonstrate RlmM methyltransferase (MTase) activity on in vitro(More)
Tiam-family guanine exchange proteins are activators of the Rho GTPase Rac1 and critical for cell morphology, adhesion, migration, and polarity. These modular proteins contain a variety of signaling domains, including a single postsynaptic density-95/discs large/zonula occludens-1 (PDZ) domain. Here, we show how structural and thermodynamic approaches(More)
PDZ (PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1) domains are protein-protein interaction modules often regulated by ligand phosphorylation. Here, we investigated the specificity, structure, and dynamics of Tiam1 PDZ domain/ligand interactions. We show that the PDZ domain specifically binds syndecan1 (SDC1), phosphorylated SDC1 (pSDC1), and SDC3 but not other syndecan isoforms. The(More)
RlmJ catalyzes the m(6)A2030 methylation of 23S rRNA during ribosome biogenesis in Escherichia coli. Here, we present crystal structures of RlmJ in apo form, in complex with the cofactor S-adenosyl-methionine and in complex with S-adenosyl-homocysteine plus the substrate analogue adenosine monophosphate (AMP). RlmJ displays a variant of the Rossmann-like(More)
Conformational dynamics has an established role in enzyme catalysis, but its contribution to ligand binding and specificity is largely unexplored. Here we used the Tiam1 PDZ domain and an engineered variant (QM PDZ) with broadened specificity to investigate the role of structure and conformational dynamics in molecular recognition. Crystal structures of the(More)
We present an investigation of a two-dimensional inelastic impact os-cillator representing a friction force microscope. This paper includes the equations of motion, an analysis of the Jacobi matrix, and the fundamental domain. By applying periodic orbit theory to these and then calculating the diffusion, we find a possible link between nanotribology and(More)
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