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BACKGROUND The introduction of noninvasive laparoscopic surgery has raised concerns about appropriate teaching techniques for medical students considering surgery as a specialization. The principal aim of this study was to determine the effect, between the sexes, of cognitive imaging as a teaching method in the context of learning a surgical technique. (More)
PURPOSE To conduct a meta-analysis of published studies to determine the predictive validity of the MCAT on medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations. METHOD The authors included all peer-reviewed published studies reporting empirical data on the relationship between MCAT scores and medical school performance or medical board(More)
OBJECTIVE Residents must become proficient in a variety of procedures. The practice of learning procedural skills on patients has come under ethical scrutiny, giving rise to the concept of simulation-based medical education. Resident training in a simulated environment allows skill acquisition without compromising patient safety. We assessed the impact of a(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is no clear consensus about the process of screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), there are six common risk factors associated with DDH in patients less than 6 months of age (breech presentation, sex, family history, first-born, side of hip, and mode of delivery). METHODS A meta-analysis of published studies was(More)
There is increasing interest in using simulators for laparoscopic surgery training, and simulators have rapidly become an integral part of surgical education. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar for randomized controlled studies that compared the use of different types of simulators. The inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed(More)
Traditionally, surgical and procedural apprenticeship has been an assumed activity of students, without a formal educational context. With increasing barriers to patient and operating room access such as shorter work week hours for residents, and operating room and endoscopy time at a premium, alternate strategies to maximizing procedural skill development(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical trainees develop surgical skills using various techniques, with simulators providing a safe learning environment. Fracture fixation is the most common procedure in orthopaedic surgery, and residents may benefit from simulated fracture fixation. The performance of residents on a virtual simulator that allows them to practice the surgical(More)
INTRODUCTION Evaluations from the health care team can provide feedback useful in guiding residents' professional growth. We describe the significance of 360-degree evaluation of residents by the nursing staff. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 1642 nurses' anonymous evaluations on 26 residents from 2004 to 2007 was performed. Nurses' evaluations of(More)
BACKGROUND Although the validity of students' ratings of instruction has been documented, several student and course characteristics may be related to the ratings students give their instructors. AIMS The purpose of this study was to examine student ratings obtained from the Universal Student Ratings of Instruction (USRI) instrument. These responses were(More)
BACKGROUND The admissions interview still remains the most common approach used to describe candidates' noncognitive attributes for medical school. AIM In this prospective study, we have investigated the predictive validity of a semi-structured interview for admissions to medical school based on medical judgment vignettes: (1) ethical decision-making(More)