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BACKGROUND Little is known about how family-level factors are associated with duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), especially in ethnic/racial minority groups, such as African Americans. This study involved African American first-episode patients and their family members who initiated evaluation and treatment for them. It was hypothesized that a longer(More)
The current study examines how the aging relevance of anxiety triggers, particularly those tied to physical threat, influences the expression of anxiety in older and younger adults. It was expected that older adults would exhibit less anxiety than younger adults in response to nonphysical triggers but that this age-related difference would diminish when(More)
OBJECTIVE The duration of untreated psychosis is associated with poor outcomes in multiple domains in the early course of nonaffective psychotic disorders, although relatively little is known about determinants of this critical period, particularly health services-level determinants. This study examined three hypothesized predictors of duration of untreated(More)
OBJECTIVE Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) has been associated with poor early course outcomes of nonaffective psychotic disorders; however, less is known about predictors of DUP. This study examined patient-level predictors of DUP and clinical correlates of both DUP and duration of untreated illness (DUI), both of which have been implicated as(More)
OBJECTIVE A prominent limitation of literature on duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is that researchers have studied only unidimensional duration as an early-course predictor, neglecting potential effects of frequency/severity of initial, untreated psychosis. This study demonstrates utility of the concept of "doses" of initial, untreated hallucinations(More)
This annual descriptive study provides statistics on the demographic and background characteristics, academic ability, and career plans of applicants to the 1975--76 first-year class. Comparisons with the preceding year's applicant pool, traditionally the focus of the applicant study series, show a slight decline in the size of the pool, a continued(More)
The personality trait of neuroticism has been found to be associated with a polymorphism in the regulatory region of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter gene (5-HTTLPR). This same genetic polymorphism has also been associated with seasonal changes in mood and behavior, or seasonality. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether seasonality and(More)
This annual study contains descriptive statistics on applicants to the 1976--77 freshman classes of U.S. medical schools. In contrast to the growth rates of the early 1970s, the total number of applicants declined slightly for the second successive year. However, comparisons with past applicant pools show a continued increase in the annual number of women(More)