Tymon Skadorwa

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Penetrating spinal cord injuries (PSCI) in cervical region are extremely rare in children. They mostly occur in a mechanism of a gunshot or a stab injury with the use of sharp objects. Gunshot injuries are usually fatal or end up with tetraplegia. Stab wounds may be less severe and result in partial neurological syndrome. In the management of PSCI in(More)
The canal for facial nerve (the fallopian canal, FC) is a bony structure passing through the petrous part of the temporal bone. The anatomy of this demanding and important for oto- and neurosurgeons structure is well described in literature. Among several studies on radiological anatomy of this region, still little papers focus on the developmental(More)
BACKGROUND Epidural hematoma (EDH) is the most common form of intracranial bleeding following head trauma in pediatric patients. It may develop into a life-threatening pathology, requiring an immediate neurosurgical intervention. However, due to an increasing number of posttrauma CT scans most pediatric EDH patients can be treated conservatively, because of(More)
Neuronavigation is a kind of image-guided surgery used during neurosurgical procedures. Based on specific equipment which is compatible with the software calculating and processing the patient's data; this method allows the determination of the location of anatomical structures and visualisation of surgical instruments in the operative field. Although(More)
INTRODUCTION Photostimulation is considered as a factor that may induce epileptic seizures, hence it has been implemented to neurological diagnostics in children as a component of electroencephalographic examination. The response to light stimulus is called photosensitivity. The impact of elimination of red light on the response to photostimulation has been(More)
During vestibular schwannoma surgery there is a risk of endolymphatic duct and sac injury, which may cause a loss or a deterioration of hearing. The goal of the study was to evaluate the empirical utility of presurgical planning using CT with the bone window for the hearing preservation surgery. The study was performed on 14 human temporal bones. CT scans(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Tumors of the cranial vault occur at every age of childhood. Although they are mostly benign lesions, their symptomatology is variable and requires extended diagnostics. The choice of therapeutic strategy strongly depends on histopathological diagnosis, and therefore surgical excision is the elective treatment in such cases. Despite several(More)
Ambient cistern (AC) is a thin extension of the subarachnoid space surrounding the brainstem at the level of the mesencephalon and pons. Despite various definitions, it constitutes an important landmark in clinical assessment of intracranial volume reserve. Although it is indisputably useful, there exists no defined standard for radiological examination for(More)
We present two cases of traumatic intracranial migration of the ventriculoperitoneal (VPS) valve chamber without malfunction of the system. In both patients, a shunt reservoir was surgically repositioned without a burr hole expansion and with no implantation of a new VPS system. We discuss a role of a head trauma and repeated valve palpation in this rare(More)
PURPOSE The photoparoxysmal response (PPR) is the most important EEG indication of photosensitivity (PS). It may be elicited by intermittent photic stimulation (IPS). PS mostly affects young individuals, with adolescent females at greatest risk. The diagnosis of PS is based on visual EEG assessment. To date, no objective test of PS has been established. (More)