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Penetrating spinal cord injuries (PSCI) in cervical region are extremely rare in children. They mostly occur in a mechanism of a gunshot or a stab injury with the use of sharp objects. Gunshot injuries are usually fatal or end up with tetraplegia. Stab wounds may be less severe and result in partial neurological syndrome. In the management of PSCI in(More)
BACKGROUND Epidural hematoma (EDH) is the most common form of intracranial bleeding following head trauma in pediatric patients. It may develop into a life-threatening pathology, requiring an immediate neurosurgical intervention. However, due to an increasing number of posttrauma CT scans most pediatric EDH patients can be treated conservatively, because of(More)
The canal for facial nerve (the fallopian canal, FC) is a bony structure passing through the petrous part of the temporal bone. The anatomy of this demanding and important for oto- and neurosurgeons structure is well described in literature. Among several studies on radiological anatomy of this region, still little papers focus on the developmental(More)
Recent theories about migraine pathogenesis have emphatized the role of the trigeminal system in the pathogenesis of migraine attacks. The local vasodilatation of intracranial extracerebral blood vessels and the consequent stimulation of surrounding trigeminal sensory nerve pain pathways are proposed to be the key mechanisms underlying the generation of(More)
During vestibular schwannoma surgery there is a risk of endolymphatic duct and sac injury, which may cause a loss or a deterioration of hearing. The goal of the study was to evaluate the empirical utility of presurgical planning using CT with the bone window for the hearing preservation surgery. The study was performed on 14 human temporal bones. CT scans(More)
Computer-aided analysis of non-contrast CT (NCCT) images for rapid diagnosis of ischemic stroke is based on the augmented visualization of evolving ischemic lesions. Computerized support of NCCT often leads to overinterpretation of ischemic areas, thus it is of great interest to provide neurologically verified regions in order to improve accuracy of(More)
INTRODUCTION Photostimulation is considered as a factor that may induce epileptic seizures, hence it has been implemented to neurological diagnostics in children as a component of electroencephalographic examination. The response to light stimulus is called photosensitivity. The impact of elimination of red light on the response to photostimulation has been(More)
We present two cases of traumatic intracranial migration of the ventriculoperitoneal (VPS) valve chamber without malfunction of the system. In both patients, a shunt reservoir was surgically repositioned without a burr hole expansion and with no implantation of a new VPS system. We discuss a role of a head trauma and repeated valve palpation in this rare(More)
Ambient cistern (AC) is a thin extension of the subarachnoid space surrounding the brainstem at the level of the mesencephalon and pons. Despite various definitions, it constitutes an important landmark in clinical assessment of intracranial volume reserve. Although it is indisputably useful, there exists no defined standard for radiological examination for(More)
Adamkiewicz artery became important in clinical practice since it was noticed that its damage during aorta aneurysm repair surgery can sometimes lead to distal spinal cord ischemia. The complexity of anatomical variations can be related to the development of spinal cord arteries. The aim was to describe topography of Adamkiewicz artery and its relations to(More)