Tyler P Kirwan

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Extracellular matrix changes are often crucial inciting events for fibroproliferative disease. Epigenetic changes, specifically DNA methylation, are critical factors underlying differentiated phenotypes. We examined the dependency of matrix-induced fibroproliferation and SMC phenotype on DNA methyltransferases. The cooperativity of matrix with growth(More)
Background Hypospadias is one of the most common genital birth defect, characterized by improper closing of the urethral folds during development and resulting ectopic opening of the urethra. Xenoestrogen (XE) exposure increases the rate of hypospadias in both animal models and in humans, in association with gene down regulation.[1,2] While many genes (e.g.(More)
PURPOSE Low urinary flow rates are common after tubularized incised plate urethroplasty but the etiology remains unclear and may be related to low urethral compliance due to abnormal collagen concentrations and/or fewer elastic fibers in the healed urethral plate. We hypothesized that inserting a preputial mucosal graft over the dorsal raw area after the(More)
PURPOSE Previous molecular studies showed that the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin prevents bladder smooth muscle hypertrophy in vitro. We investigated the effect of rapamycin treatment in vivo on bladder smooth muscle hypertrophy in a rat model of partial bladder outlet obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 48 female Sprague-Dawley® rats underwent(More)
Background Partial bladder outlet obstruction due to neurogenic bladder or mechanical obstruction is common amongst the population and can cause bladder injury and dysfunction. Bladder Smooth Muscle Cells (BSMCs) undergo phenotypic changes such as hyper-proliferation, de-differentiation and altered expression of integrins and ECM proteins.[1] Extracellular(More)
Smooth muscle cell containing organs (bladder, heart, blood vessels) are damaged by a variety of pathological conditions necessitating surgery or organ replacement. Currently, regeneration of contractile tissues is hampered by lack of functional smooth muscle cells. Multipotent skin derived progenitor cells (SKPs) can easily be isolated from adult skin and(More)
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