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The contraction of the economy in the United Kingdom and constraints on the National Health Service (NHS) together with new opportunities for the delivery of orthodontic treatment has resulted in an increasing number of dental personnel across the different registrant groups. This article focuses on the changes that have taken place in the orthodontic(More)
Objective To assess the effect of the introduction of orthodontic therapists (OTs) on the quality of orthodontic treatment outcomes in two specialist orthodontic practices in the UK.Study design Retrospective cross sectional observational study.Setting Multi-centre evaluation at two specialist orthodontic practices in Yorkshire. Data collection was carried(More)
The twenty-first century ORTHODONTIC workforce Orthodontic workforce planning Historically, orthodontic workforce planning has proved difficult. In 1985 Stephens et al. 1 predicted an oversupply of orthodontists and yet only 13 years later the Task Group for Orthodontics identified a shortfall and recommended a target of 480 general dental service(More)
This paper contains a dynamic conduct parameter model to look at the pricing behavior of five power marketers in the California Power Exchange (CalPX) on daily data for 2000. Only our previous paper Hodge and Dahl (2012) specifically focused on just the electric power marketers. In this paper we compare a dynamic conduct parameter with that of our earlier(More)
Aim To determine whether dental registrants can use the dental health component (DHC) and aesthetic component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) 'accurately' to an acceptable level of agreement and diagnostic validity.Method Participants from six different registrant groups were asked to score the IOTN for 14 cases based on study models(More)
Aim To understand the frequency of use and training of IOTN amongst dental registrants working in primary and secondary care. To ascertain which factors influence 'accuracy' of IOTN amongst dental registrants.Method Participants were asked to complete a short questionnaire at the same time as scoring the IOTN for 14 cases. The questionnaire was developed by(More)
Introduction The Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN) was developed to measure functional difficulties arising from malocclusions related to facial deformity. The IOFTN is not currently being used to determine suitability for orthognathic treatment, however, it is a useful aid for assessing and referring patients and takes into account(More)
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