Tyler B Weaver

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OBJECTIVES To compare the fall characteristics of individuals with and without Parkinson's disease (PD) through the analysis of real-life falls captured on video. DESIGN Observational cohort study. SETTING Two long-term care facilities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS Individuals living in long-term care (N=306; 16 with PD). MEASUREMENTS(More)
The authors investigated how the nervous system responds to dual task performance. Because dual tasking is associated with greater postural challenges, it was hypothesized that spinal excitability would be reduced when simultaneously performing 2 tasks. For this experiment, participants maintained a lying or standing posture with or without performing a(More)
Although balance during quiet standing is postulated to be influenced by multiple factors, including ankle stiffness, it is unclear how different mechanisms underlying increases in stiffness affect balance control. Accordingly, this study examined the influence of muscle activation and passive ankle stiffness increases on the magnitude and frequency of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined how handrail location predictability affects perturbation-evoked arm responses in young and older adults and whether age-related changes in perturbation-evoked arm responses are specific to mechanisms associated with reactive postural control. METHODS Young and older adults reached for a handrail in response to a support(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, it is unknown whether the inverted pendulum model is applicable to stooping or crouching postures. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the degree of applicability of the inverted pendulum model to these postures, via examination of the relationship between the centre of mass (COM) acceleration and centre of pressure(More)
The Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) has become popular as a low-cost alternative to research-grade force plates. The purposes of this study were to characterize a series of technical specifications for the WBB, to compare balance control metrics derived from time-varying center of pressure (COP) signals collected simultaneously from a WBB and a(More)
The current study examined whether compensatory arm reactions are influenced by the participant's knowledge of the handrail location prior to losing their balance. Thirteen young adults stood on a motor driven platform that could translate in the forward or backward directions. A handrail was positioned in a location that was either predictable (i.e.,(More)
BACKGROUND While stooping and crouching postures are critical for many activities of daily living, little is known about the balance control mechanisms employed during these postures. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to characterize the mechanisms driving net center of pressure (COPNet) movement across three postures (standing, stooping, and(More)
While epidemiologic data suggests that one in four older adults have difficulty performing stooping and crouching (SC) tasks, little is known about how aging affects SC performance. This study investigated differences between young and older adults in lower limb kinematics and underfoot center of pressure (COP) measures when performing a series of SC tasks.(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether explicit instruction would facilitate arm reactions in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Individuals with (n = 10) and without (n = 15) PD responded to unexpected support-surface translations. To recover their balance, participants were required to either respond naturally (react natural) or to reach(More)
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