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UNLABELLED Aptamers are small oligonucleotides that are selected to bind tightly and specifically to a target molecule. We sought to determine whether aptamers have potential for in vivo delivery of radioisotopes or cytotoxic agents. METHODS TTA1, an aptamer to the extracellular matrix protein tenascin-C, was prepared in fluorescent and radiolabeled(More)
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is an extracellular matrix protein that is overexpressed during tissue remodeling processes, including tumor growth. To identify an aptamer for testing as a tumor-selective ligand, SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) procedures were performed using both TN-C and TN-C-expressing U251 glioblastoma cells. The(More)
Autophagy is a vesicular trafficking pathway that regulates the degradation of aggregated proteins and damaged organelles. Initiation of autophagy requires several multiprotein signaling complexes, such as the ULK1 kinase complex and the Vps34 lipid kinase complex, which generates phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PtdIns(3)P] on the forming autophagosomal(More)
Tankyrase 1 and 2 have been shown to be redundant, druggable nodes in the Wnt pathway. As such, there has been intense interest in developing agents suitable for modulating the Wnt pathway in vivo by targeting this enzyme pair. By utilizing a combination of structure-based design and LipE-based structure efficiency relationships, the core of XAV939 was(More)