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Currently accepted treatments for schizophrenia can effectively control positive symptoms but have limited impact on cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. The purpose of these experiments was to address this unmet need by characterizing the effects of classical and second-generation antipsychotics on cognitive impairments associated with schizophrenia. An(More)
We evaluated young (3-4 months) and aged (22-24 months) male Sprague-Dawley rats in an attentional set-shifting procedure that assessed reversal, intradimensional shift (IDS), and extradimensional shift (EDS) discrimination learning tasks within one test session. These aspects of discrimination learning are sensitive to damage to distinct regions of frontal(More)
It is well established that nerve injury or inflammatory injury results in a time-dependent increase in the expression of dynorphin in the spinal cord. However, little is known about the effects of persistent pain on the expression of this endogenous opioid peptide by supraspinal nuclei implicated in the modulation of pain sensitivity. This study used(More)
Theoretical models based on primate evidence suggest that social structure determines the costs and benefits of particular aggressive strategies. In humans, males more than females interact in groups of unrelated same-sex peers, and larger group size predicts success in inter-group contests. In marked contrast, human females form isolated one-on-one(More)
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is found in the brain and acts directly on plasma membrane-associated receptors in the prostate gland. Infusing SHBG into the medial preoptic area or medial basal hypothalamus of female rats increases their female sexual receptivity. SHBG, SHBG plus estradiol (SHBG-E), and SHBG-E plus oxytocin all significantly increased(More)
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