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OBJECTIVES This study aimed to examine current level and historical trends in health resources distribution in the US; to investigate the relationships between both levels and trends of inequality with--geographic location, inequality of income and rates per capita of hospital-beds and physicians. METHODS The Gini Coefficient was used to measure(More)
BACKGROUND Israeli policymakers have expressed serious concerns about being able to meet the growing demand for physician services. For this reason, the Israel Ministry of Health (MoH) undertook studies based on 2008 and then 2012 data to obtain an accurate assessment of the size, specialty mix, demographic and geographic composition of the physician(More)
BACKGROUND The growth of the private health insurance sector in Western countries, which is characterized by information deficiencies and limited competition, necessitates the implementation of effective regulatory tools. One measure which is widely used is the medical loss ratio (MLR). Our objective was to analyze how MLR is applied as a regulatory measure(More)
The need for a national policy to mitigate health inequity has been recognized in scientific research and policy papers around the world. Despite the moral duty and the social, medical, and economic logic behind this goal, much difficulty surfaces in implementing national policies that propose to attain it. This is mainly due to an implementation gap that(More)
Human-resource planning in healthcare is one of the most significant challenges that healthcare systems worldwide face. Among all healthcare professions, the planning of physician supply is the most complex of all due to physicians' lengthy training and many specialties. Forecasts showing a disturbing downward trend in the ratio of physicians to population(More)
In early 1995, Israel implemented a healthcare reform. The course of any such reform depends largely on the strengths and interests of different stakeholders in the health system and their roles during the implementation phase. This paper discusses the roles of stakeholders in the recent Israeli healthcare reform, analyzes their motives, and describes their(More)
BACKGROUND Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding(More)
At the beginning of 1995 Israel implemented a health reform. A new National Health Insurance Law came into effect, mandating compulsory health insurance for all Israeli citizens. However, while the individual's right to health services is grounded in law, the basket of services provided under this law includes no components that can contribute to oral(More)
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