Tuula Nurminen

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Variability in the expression of enzymes metabolizing carcinogens derived from cigarette smoke may contribute to individual susceptibility to pulmonary carcinogenesis. This study was designed to determine the effects of smoking and 3 major cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, i.e., CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP3A, which metabolize polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)(More)
Cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1), which is involved in the metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon procarcinogens derived from tobacco smoke, is induced in the lung up to 100-fold because of tobacco smoking. Our aim was to study whether promoter methylation has any role in the smoking-associated expression of CYP1A1 in human lung. Methylation of(More)
BACKGROUND Information on the reproductive effects of chemical exposures in dental work is sparse or inconsistent. AIM To investigate whether dental workers exposed to acrylate compounds, mercury amalgam, solvents or disinfectants are at an increased risk of miscarriage. METHODS The study was conducted among women dental workers and a comparison group(More)
The neutral lipids from whole cells and cell envelopes of aerobic Saccharomyces cerevisiae and anaerobic Sacch. carlsbergensis and the cell walls isolated from the cell envelopes were analysed. The effect of anaerobiosis was particularly clear on the neutral lipid composition of the plasma membrane. Compared to the anaerobic membrane, the aerobic membrane(More)
1. The existence of phospholipase and lipase activities in the isolated cell envelopes of baker's yeast was demonstrated. 2. The content of phospholipase was found to be markedly higher than that of lipase. 3. After partial enzymic digestion of the isolated cell envelopes, the bulk of the lipolytic activities was recovered in the sedimentable preparations,(More)
The combinations of the CYP1A1 inducibility and GSTM1 polymorphism have been investigated in relation to the histological type and peripheral or bronchial location of lung cancer in 54 surgically treated, current smoker lung cancer patients. The induced CYP1A1 was detected in 46 patients (85%) and the homozygous GSTM1 null genotype in 32 patients (59%). The(More)
Interindividual differences in the expression of carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes in the lung may modify the effective dose of tobacco carcinogens in this organ. We investigated the role of detoxifying glutathione S-transferases (GST) in the formation of aromatic DNA adducts in bronchoalveolar macrophages (BAM) of active smokers. The effect of GSTs on(More)
Sphingolipids were found to dominate in the glycolipids from the cell envelope of baker's yeast. A relatively large quantity of ceramides was detected. Among the several complex phosphosphingolipids described, ceramide-(P-inositol)(2)-mannose was the main component. About 55% of long-chain bases in sphingolipids consisted of C(18)-phytosphingosine(More)
Nanotechnology offers an alternative to conventional treatment options by enabling different drug delivery and controlled-release delivery strategies. Liposomes being especially biodegradable and in most cases essentially nontoxic offer a versatile platform for several different delivery approaches that can potentially enhance the delivery and targeting of(More)
A study was made of the enzyme content of the isolated cell walls and of a plasma-membrane preparation obtained by centrifugation after enzymic digestion of the cell walls of baker's yeast. The isolated cell walls showed no hexokinase, alkaline phosphatase, esterase or NADH oxidase activity. It was concluded that these enzymes exist only in the interior of(More)