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BACKGROUND To prevent atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation, pulmonary venous isolation (PVI) at an antral level is more effective than segmental ostial ablation. Cryoablation around the pulmonary venous (PV) ostia for AF therapy is potentially safer compared to radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Renal insufficiency in patients with ischemic heart disease and acquired heart failure is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. We studied the prevalence of renal dysfunction in adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) and its relation to outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1102 adult patients with congenital heart(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial tachycardias (AT) often occur after ablation of long-lasting persistent AF (CAF) and are difficult to treat conservatively. This study evaluated mechanisms and success rates of conventional mapping and catheter ablation of recurrent ATs occurring late after stepwise ablation of CAF. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 320 patients underwent(More)
Landmark trials have demonstrated that biventricular pacing (also called cardiac resynchronisation therapy or CRT) in chronic heart failure due to left ventricular dysfunction improves symptomatic status, exercise capacity and quality of life. Yet critically, all-cause mortality has not been demonstrated to be reduced in any of the four randomised(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter ablation (CA) is considered the treatment of choice for patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, there is a tendency to avoid CA in the elderly because of a presumed increased risk of periprocedural atrioventricular (AV) nodal block. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this prospective registry was to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Limited data exist with which to stratify risk in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). An increased ventilatory response to exercise, expressed as ventilation per unit of carbon dioxide production (V(E)/V(CO2) slope), is an established predictor of impaired survival in acquired heart disease. We sought to establish the distribution, relation to(More)
BACKGROUND Contact force (CF) sensing technology allows real time CF measurement during catheter ablation. We hypothesised that the use of CF technology during pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) would translate into lower acute pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection rates. METHODS AND RESULTS Symptomatic AF patients were treated in two(More)
The COMPANION trial was terminated prematurely after recruiting 1600 patients, as initial results clearly and for the first time demonstrated survival benefit of resynchronisation and combined device (biventricular pacemaker with defibrillator capacity) therapy in heart failure. The combined primary end-points of all-cause mortality and all-cause(More)
BACKGROUND Stepwise ablation is an effective treatment for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF), although it often requires multiple procedures to eliminate recurrent arrhythmias. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated single- and multiple-procedure long-term success rates and potential predictors of a favorable single-procedure outcome of stepwise ablation for(More)
BACKGROUND While treatment with either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) is clearly superior to placebo in the treatment of heart failure patients, controversy still surrounds the effects of ARBs in patients already receiving an ACEi. Even more controversial is the wisdom of administering ARBs in(More)