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BACKGROUND AND AIMS microRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression negatively. Although a role for aberrant miRNA expression in cancer has been postulated, the pathophysiologic role and relevance of aberrantly expressed miRNA to tumor biology has not been established. METHODS We evaluated the expression of miRNA in human(More)
Clinical observations suggest a recent increase in intrahepatic biliary tract malignancies. Thus, our aim was to determine recent trends in the epidemiology of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the United States. Reported data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program and the United States Vital Statistics databases were analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Micro-RNA (miRNA) are endogenous regulatory RNA molecules that modulate gene expression. Alterations in miRNA expression can contribute to tumor growth by modulating the functional expression of critical genes involved in tumor cell proliferation or survival. Our aims were to identify specific miRNA involved in the regulation of(More)
UNLABELLED Although the inflammation-associated cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been implicated in cholangiocarcinoma growth, the relationship between IL-6 and oncogenic changes is unknown. IL-6 can increase expression of DNA methyltransferase-1 (DNMT-1) and epigenetically regulate the expression of several genes, including microRNAs (miRNAs). DNMT-1(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by a propensity for multifocality, growth by local spread, and dysregulation of multiple signaling pathways. These features may be determined by the tumoral microenvironment. The potential of tumor cells to modulate HCC growth and behavior by secreted proteins has been extensively studied. In(More)
UNLABELLED MicroRNAs (miRs) are conserved, small (20-25 nucleotide) noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate expression of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) at the posttranscriptional level. Aberrant expression of certain microRNAs plays a causal role in tumorigenesis. Here, we report identification of hepatic microRNAs that are dysregulated at early stages of feeding(More)
University College, London Cancer Institute, 72 Huntley St., London WC1E 6AA, UK; Department of Internal Medicine I, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany; Hepatology and Gastroenterology Section, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK; HCC Translational Research Laboratory, Barcelona-Clínic Liver Cancer(More)
STUDY DESIGN Finite element model of L3-S1 segment and confirmatory cadaveric testing were used to investigate the biomechanical effects of a mobile core type artificial disc (Charité artificial disc; DePuy Spine, Raynham, MA) on the lumbar spine. OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of the Charité artificial disc across the implanted and adjacent segments.(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical study. OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and clinical and radiographic outcomes of OP-1 (BMP-7) Putty to autogenous iliac crest bone graft in a population of patients undergoing laminectomy and posterolateral fusion for symptomatic lumbar stenosis associated with degenerative(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Alcoholic hepatitis is a cause of major morbidity and mortality that lacks effective therapies. Both experimental and clinical evidence indicate that the multifunctional cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) contributes to pathogenesis and clinical sequelae of alcoholic hepatitis. A pilot study demonstrated that the(More)