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We developed a new sensing motif for the detection and quantification of creatinine, which is an important small molecule marker of renal dysfunction. This novel sensor motif is based on our intelligent polymerized crystalline colloidal array (IPCCA) materials, in which a three-dimensional crystalline colloidal array (CCA) of monodisperse, highly charged(More)
Although increased number of reports in recent years on proton exchange membrane (PEM) developed from nanocomposites of polybenzimidazole (PBI) with inorganic fillers brought hope to end the saga of contradiction between proton conductivity and variety of stabilities, such as mechanical, thermal,chemical, etc.; it still remains a prime challenge to develop(More)
A method has been developed in which an enzyme namely urease was immobilized inside hydrogel matrix to study the stability and enzymatic activity in room temperature (∼27-30°C). This urease coupled hydrogel (UCG) was obtained by amine-acid coupling reaction and this procedure is such that it ensured the wider opening of mobile flap of enzyme active site. A(More)
Novel approach for the synthesis of core-shell polystyrene nanoparticles by living hydrophilic polymer consisting of thiocarbonyl thio end group is reported. The surfactant free emulsion polymerization of styrene in the presence of macro-RAFT (reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer) agent is carried out to synthesize stable latex particles with(More)
Jack bean urease is an important enzyme not only because of its numerous uses in medical and other fields but also because of its historical significance-the first enzyme to be crystallized and also the first nickel metalloenzyme. This enzyme hydrolyzes urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide; however, the stability of this enzyme at ambient temperature is a(More)
A series of meta-polybenzimidazole-block-para-polybenzimidazole (m-PBI-b-p-PBI), segmented block copolymers of PBI, were synthesized with various structural motifs and block lengths by condensing the diamine terminated meta-PBI (m-PBI-Am) and acid terminated para-PBI (p-PBI-Ac) oligomers. NMR studies and existence of two distinct glass transition(More)
The aggregation behavior of poly(4,4'-diphenylether-5,5'-bibenzimidazole) (OPBI) in polar aprotic (dimethyl acetamide, DMAc) and protic (formic acid, FA) solvents is studied as a function of the polymer concentration and solution temperature. The effects of solvent protic character on the aggregation behavior of OPBI are elucidated. The photophysical(More)
In continuation (J. Phys. Chem. B2008, 112, 5305; J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2010, 351, 374) of our quest for proton exchange membrane (PEM) developed from polybenzimidazole (PBI) blends, novel polymer blend membranes of PBI and poly(1-vinyl-1,2,4-triazole) (PVT) were prepared using a solution blending method. The aim of the work was to investigate the(More)
Emulsion copolymerizations of styrene were carried out with four structurally different ionic comonomers namely acrylic acid (AAc), methacrylic acid (MAA), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), and sodium styrene sulfonate (NaSS) to study the effect of monomer structure on the copolymerization kinetics and size, morphology, charge density, and the(More)