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In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the clinical use of brain markers. The S100B is a calcium-binding peptide and is used as a parameter of glial activation and/or death in many disorders of the central nervous system (CNS). It plays important roles in normal CNS development and recovery after injury. Although S100B is mainly found in(More)
Type B Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) is a neurohormone that is secreted from the cardiac ventricles in response to dilatation or an increase of pressure. Right ventricle dysfunction is seen in pulmonary embolism patients, but it may be hard to diagnose. Echocardiography is the most sensitive means of diagnosis for acute right ventricle dysfunction. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning causes cerebral and generalized hypoxia. This study aimed to assess the possible use of serum glial marker S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as biochemical markers of hypoxic brain damage in acute CO poisoning. METHODS Patients with acute CO poisoning admitted to the ED of 2 training hospitals(More)
Organophosphate (OP) compounds are a large class of chemicals, many of which are used as pesticides. It is suggested that OPs specifically affect glia and neurons. Effects of acute exposure to chlorpyrifos (CPF), which is a common organophosphorus pesticide used worldwide, on neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100B levels in rat blood during 7 days were(More)
OBJECTIVE B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a neurohormone secreted from cardiac ventricles in response to ventricular strain. The aim of present study was to evaluate the role of BNP in the diagnosis of the right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in acute pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS BNP levels were measured in patients with acute PE as diagnosed by(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the characteristics of cases of acute poisoning in adults who were admitted to emergency service over a 3-year period. Clinical charts were analyzed retrospectively for etiologic and demographic patient characteristics. A total of 810 adults were admitted to the emergency center with acute poisoning.(More)
Wild mushroom poisoning (MP) is an important medical emergency that may have serious clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic and clinical features of patients with wild MP. This study was designed retrospectively by examining files of the patients with wild MP who were admitted to Ondokuz Mayis University Emergency(More)
Organophosphates cause poisoning as a result of the excessive accumulation of acetylcholine at the cholinergic synapses due to inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (ChE). In the literature, it has been reported that there have been electrocardiographic abnormalities, including QT-interval prolongation in most patients with acute organophosphate poisoning(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of serum cholinesterase (SChE) activity and S100B protein in the evaluation of patients with acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning. Patients with acute OP poisoning admitted to the emergency department were included in this cross-sectional study. Twenty healthy volunteers served as controls. The SChE activity(More)
Acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning can cause early and persistent damages in tissues sensitive to hypoxia. This study investigated serum heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) levels as a biomarker of acute CO poisoning in rats. The rats were exposed to a mixture of either 3000 (group A) or 5000 (group B) parts per million (ppm) CO in air, or to(More)