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Fournier's gangrene is a condition marked by fulminant polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis of the urogenital and perineal areas. We present a patient with Fournier's gangrene and describe the physical examination and bedside sonographic findings. These findings can assist in the evaluation of patients with concerning symptoms so there can be timely(More)
BACKGROUND Department of Radiology performed ultrasound for patients suspected of having intussusception in resource-limited settings might be either unavailable or significantly time delayed. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to present a case of intussusception successfully diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasound and to review the sonographic appearance and(More)
During 1977-1978, 127 patients with severe head injury were admitted and underwent intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. All patients had Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of 7 or less. All received identical initial treatment according to a standardized protocol. The patients' average age was 29 years; 60% had multiple trauma, and 35% needed emergency(More)
This is a prospective randomized study of the efficacy of steroid therapy in patients with severe head injury. One hundred patients were randomized into two equal groups: the steroid group received 5 mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone, and the nonsteroid group received no drug. The groups were similar in their clinical features. All patients received a(More)
BACKGROUND M-mode or "motion" mode is a form of ultrasound imaging that is of high clinical utility in the emergency department. It can be used in a variety of situations to evaluate motion and timing, and can document tissue movement in a still image when the recording of a video clip is not feasible. OBJECTIVES In this article we describe several(More)
Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) has an adverse effect on the clinical course of patients with severe head injuries. Direct intracranial measurement is the only method of knowing the precise ICP. At the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems, elevations in ICP are treated according to an aggressive protocol. Our experience with this(More)
The management of vascular injury to the internal carotid artery (ICA) is controversial. We undertook a retrospective review of 14 patients with blunt injuries to the ICA and found three types of ICA injury, often presenting with delayed symptomatology. Six patients had intraluminal arterial stenosis or obstruction and were treated with anticoagulants. Five(More)
BACKGROUND Bedside ultrasound is emerging as a useful tool in the assessment of intravascular volume status by examining measurements of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Many previous studies do not fully describe their scanning protocol. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to evaluate which of three commonly reported IVC scanning methods demonstrates(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency physicians can utilize bedside ultrasound to aid in the diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias and in the reduction of incarcerated hernias. OBJECTIVES To review the sonographic appearance and diagnostic criteria of abdominal wall hernias and to describe the potential use of ultrasound as an aid in hernia reduction. CASE REPORT An(More)