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AIM Cold induced arteriolar constriction in patients with vasospastic Raynaud's syndrome (VRS) produces temporary digital ischaemia. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether 99mTc sestamibi scintigraphy is useful in the diagnosis and the monitoring of treatment in VRS. METHODS Fifteen patients with VRS and 20 matched normal controls underwent(More)
BACKGROUND According to some reports, left hemidiaphragmatic paralysis due to phrenic nerve injury may occur following cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to document the effects on phrenic nerve injury of whole body hypothermia, use of ice-slush around the heart and mammary artery harvesting. METHODS Electrophysiology of phrenic nerves was(More)
Intravenous injection of the ultrasound contrast agent Albunex (manufactured by Nycomed AS, Oslo, Norway; 400 million air-filled albumin microspheres per ml, mean diameter 4 +/- 1 microns) caused a dose-dependent increase of mean pulmonary arterial pressure in nine pigs. The highest dose (0.014 +/- 0.002 ml kg-1) increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure(More)
BACKGROUND Protamine has adverse effects on pulmonary gas exchange during the postoperative period. The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of aprotinin and pentoxifylline in preventing the leukocyte sequestration and lung injury caused by protamine administered after the termination of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS(More)
A 36-year-old woman with effort dyspnea for 2 years, venous congestion of the left arm for 6 months and who did not have a history of a thoracic trauma was hospitalized. Posterior bilateral dislocation of the sternoclavicular joints and compression of the brachiocephalic vein were diagnosed and conformed by computed tomography (CT). The joint could not be(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin E has a strong antioxidant capacity, and has been used in several ischemia-reperfusion studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of water-soluble vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) on myocardial protection during coronary artery surgery. METHODS Water soluble vitamin E (100 mg) in tepid saline (n = 14) or tepid saline(More)
We present a 24 year old woman with cardiac rhabdomyoma. Cardiac rhabdomyoma is the most common benign cardiac tumor in infants, but in adults, cardiac rhabdomyoma is very rare. These tumors are often spontaneously reversible because they are associated to the right or left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, tachyarrhythmias and heart failure where(More)
This study was designed to examine the relationship between pericardial fluid and plasma CRP levels, and to alterations in other biochemical parameters in patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). The study group consisted of 96 Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) patients who were referred to our clinic for a CABG procedure and from whom(More)
We investigated the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines of pericardial fluid on hemodynamic parameters in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. Seventy-eight patients were included in the study and they were allocated to three groups: group 1, stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 15); group 2, unstable angina pectoris (USAP, n = 34); group 3,(More)
INTRODUCTION To explore the impact of intrapericardial and infracardiac drains on pericardial effusions in cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were randomized into two groups. At the end of the intervention, an intrapericardial and infracardiac Blake drain was placed in patients in group 1 (n = 97),(More)