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Although psychophysical evidence for object-based attention has been reported, corresponding studies with event-related potentials (ERPs) are scarce. Here subjects were presented with perceptual fields containing two superimposed objects (transparent surfaces generated by two sets of dots in rigid rotation around fixation, each set of a different color and(More)
Two interspersed and differently colored sets of dots were rotated in opposite directions and were perceived as superimposed transparent surfaces. Probes consisting of brief changes in dot motion direction were reported. Two probes affecting the same surface were discriminated accurately. The 2nd probe was discriminated poorly if it affected a surface(More)
We sought to quantify the systematic and random errors associated with end-artifacts in the platens compression test for trabecular bone. Our hypothesis was that while errors may depend on anatomic site, they do not depend on apparent density and therefore have substantial random components. Trabecular bone specimens were first tested nondestructively using(More)
The study objective was to investigate whether exclusively breast-fed infants could be taught to sleep through the night (defined from 12:00 AM to 5:00 AM) during the first 8 weeks of life. The design was short-term longitudinal, from the last trimester of pregnancy until the eighth week after birth. Twenty-six first-time parents and their newborn were(More)
Although evidence suggests that yield strains for trabecular bone are isotropic, i.e., independent of loading direction, decisive support for this hypothesis has remained elusive. To explicitly test whether yield strains for trabecular bone are isotropic, compressive and tensile yield strains of 51 specimens of bovine tibial trabecular bone (0.41 +/- 0.08(More)
Recent studies have shown that factors related to fall biomechanics may play as important a role in the etiology of hip fracture as age-related bone loss. Motivated by finite element analyses that showed failure of the proximal femur to be sensitive to loading direction, our objective with the current investigation was to determine experimentally if changes(More)
The difficulty in processing two stimuli at once increases with their separation. Therefore to demonstrate constraints in dividing attention between objects, the effects of their spatial separation must be controlled. Duncan used superimposed objects to achieve this, and showed that judging two attributes is more accurate if they concern one object than if(More)
Two consecutive events transforming the same illusory surface in transparent motion (brief changes in direction) can be discriminated with ease, but a prolonged interference ( approximately 500 ms) on the discrimination of the second event arises when different surfaces are concerned [Valdes-Sosa, M., Cobo, A., & Pinilla, T. (2000). Attention to object(More)
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