Tuomo Laitinen

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With data from recent large-scale drug sensitivity measurement campaigns, it is now possible to build and test models predicting responses for more than one hundred anticancer drugs against several hundreds of human cancer cell lines. Traditional quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches focus on small molecules in searching for their(More)
Twelve members of the family 11 xylanases, including both mesophilic and thermophilic proteins, were studied using molecular dynamics (MD). Simulations of xylanases were carried out in an explicit water environment at four different temperatures, 300, 400, 500 and 600 K. A difference in thermotolerance between mesophilic and thermophilic xylanases became(More)
In the present study, identification of chiral 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ones as potent and selective FAAH inhibitors has been described. The separated enantiomers showed clear differences in the potency and selectivity toward both FAAH and MAGL. Additionally, the importance of the chirality on the inhibitory activity and selectivity was proven by the(More)
The human constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) is one of the key regulators of xenobiotic and endobiotic metabolism. The unique properties of human CAR, such as the high constitutive activity and the complexity of signaling, as well as the lack of functional and predictive cell-based assays to study the properties of the receptor, have hindered the(More)
Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) terminates the signaling function of the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). During 2-AG hydrolysis, MAGL liberates arachidonic acid, feeding the principal substrate for the neuroinflammatory prostaglandins. In cancer cells, MAGL redirects lipid stores toward protumorigenic signaling lipids. Thus MAGL inhibitors(More)
The so-called human xenosensors, constitutive androstane receptor (hCAR), pregnane X receptor (hPXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (hAhR), participate in drug metabolism and transport as well as in several endogenous processes by regulating the expression of their target genes. While the ligand specificities for hPXR and hAhR are relatively well described,(More)
Antiestradiol antibody 57-2 binds 17beta-estradiol (E2) with moderately high affinity (K(a) = 5 x 10(8) M(-1)). The structurally related natural estrogens estrone and estriol as well synthetic 17-deoxy-estradiol and 17alpha-estradiol are bound to the antibody with 3.7-4.9 kcal mol(-1) lower binding free energies than E2. Free energy perturbation (FEP)(More)
BACKGROUND α/β-Hydrolase domain containing (ABHD)12 is a recently discovered serine hydrolase that acts in vivo as a lysophospholipase for lysophosphatidylserine. Dysfunctional ABHD12 has been linked to the rare neurodegenerative disorder called PHARC (polyneuropathy, hearing loss, ataxia, retinosis pigmentosa, cataract). In vitro, ABHD12 has been(More)
A novel series of fused tetrathiocines were prepared for evaluation of activity against the nucleocapsid protein of the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in an in vitro cell culture approach. The results demonstrated that the compounds display potent nanomolar activity and low toxicity against this key model of HIV infection.
3D ligand-based virtual screening was employed to identify novel scaffolds for cannabinoid receptor ligand development. A total of 112 compounds with diverse structures were purchased from commercial vendors. 12 CB1 receptor antagonists/inverse agonists and 10 CB2 receptor agonists were identified in vitro. One of the CB2 agonists,(More)