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Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) terminates the signaling function of the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). During 2-AG hydrolysis, MAGL liberates arachidonic acid, feeding the principal substrate for the neuroinflammatory prostaglandins. In cancer cells, MAGL redirects lipid stores toward protumorigenic signaling lipids. Thus MAGL inhibitors(More)
In the present study, identification of chiral 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-ones as potent and selective FAAH inhibitors has been described. The separated enantiomers showed clear differences in the potency and selectivity toward both FAAH and MAGL. Additionally, the importance of the chirality on the inhibitory activity and selectivity was proven by the(More)
The human constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) is one of the key regulators of xenobiotic and endobiotic metabolism. The unique properties of human CAR, such as the high constitutive activity and the complexity of signaling, as well as the lack of functional and predictive cell-based assays to study the properties of the receptor, have hindered the(More)
The so-called human xenosensors, constitutive androstane receptor (hCAR), pregnane X receptor (hPXR) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (hAhR), participate in drug metabolism and transport as well as in several endogenous processes by regulating the expression of their target genes. While the ligand specificities for hPXR and hAhR are relatively well described,(More)
Antiestradiol antibody 57-2 binds 17beta-estradiol (E2) with moderately high affinity (K(a) = 5 x 10(8) M(-1)). The structurally related natural estrogens estrone and estriol as well synthetic 17-deoxy-estradiol and 17alpha-estradiol are bound to the antibody with 3.7-4.9 kcal mol(-1) lower binding free energies than E2. Free energy perturbation (FEP)(More)
Twelve members of the family 11 xylanases, including both mesophilic and thermophilic proteins, were studied using molecular dynamics (MD). Simulations of xylanases were carried out in an explicit water environment at four different temperatures, 300, 400, 500 and 600 K. A difference in thermotolerance between mesophilic and thermophilic xylanases became(More)
Sirtuins are NAD-dependent histone deacetylases, which cleave the acetyl-group from acetylated proteins, such as histones but also the acetyl groups from several transcription factors, and in this way can change their activities. Of all seven mammalian SirTs, the human sirtuin SirT1 has been the most extensively studied. However, there is no crystal(More)
At present, inhibitors of α/β-hydrolase domain 6 (ABHD6) are viewed as a promising approach to treat inflammation and metabolic disorders. This article describes the development of 1,2,5-thiadiazole carbamates as ABHD6 inhibitors. Altogether, 34 compounds were synthesized, and their inhibitory activity was tested using lysates of HEK293 cells transiently(More)
With data from recent large-scale drug sensitivity measurement campaigns, it is now possible to build and test models predicting responses for more than one hundred anticancer drugs against several hundreds of human cancer cell lines. Traditional quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches focus on small molecules in searching for their(More)
SIRT3 is a member of the sirtuin family of histone deacetylases. It is a mitochondrial protein, which has an important role in metabolic homeostasis but it may also act as a tumor suppressor or promoter. Increased SIRT3 transcription has been associated with node-positive breast cancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma. To identify novel SIRT3 inhibitors we(More)