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BACKGROUND Early repolarization (ER) in inferior/lateral leads of standard ECGs increases the risk of arrhythmic death. We tested the hypothesis that variations in the ST-segment characteristics after the ER waveforms may have prognostic importance. METHODS AND RESULTS ST segments after ER were classified as horizontal/descending or rapidly(More)
AIMS Sarcoidosis is a multisystem, granulomatous disease with occasional cardiac manifestations. The clinical course of patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmias as a primary presentation of sarcoidosis is mostly unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We describe nine patients (four males and five females) in whom sarcoidosis manifested as ventricular tachycardia(More)
BACKGROUND Early repolarization, which is characterized by an elevation of the QRS-ST junction (J point) in leads other than V(1) through V(3) on 12-lead electrocardiography, has been associated with vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation, but little is known about the prognostic significance of this pattern in the general population. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to assess the epidemiology, characteristics, and outcome of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) in Finland. METHODS AND RESULTS We identified in retrospect all adult (>18 years of age) patients diagnosed with histologically confirmed CS in Finland between 1988 and 2012. A total of 110 patients (71 women) 51±9 years of age (mean±SD)(More)
BACKGROUND Several traditional cardiovascular risk factors assessed in the middle-aged are associated with the risk of dementia, but they are known to lose much of their prognostic value when measured in the elderly. The aim of the study was to compare B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) with previously known risk markers for dementia in their association with(More)
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are reported to inhibit the collagen accumulation involved in left ventricular hypertrophy. We tested the effect of captopril and enalapril on the conversion of procollagen to collagen in short-term tissue cultures in order to study the possible mechanisms by which the antifibrotic effect of this(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease which is associated with an increased cardiovascular (CV) burden. Whether the risk is already present at the time of RA diagnosis remains a key area of debate. The aim of this review was to evaluate the existence of both subclinical CV changes, including endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis,(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged duration of QRS complex in a 12-lead ECG is associated with adverse prognosis in patients with cardiac disease, but its significance is not well established in the general population. In particular, there is a paucity of data on the prognostic significance of nonspecific intraventricular conduction delay in apparently healthy subjects.(More)
BACKGROUND T-wave inversion in right precordial leads V(1) to V(3) is a relatively common finding in a 12-lead ECG of children and adolescents and is infrequently found also in healthy adults. However, this ECG pattern can also be the first presentation of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. The prevalence and prognostic significance of T-wave(More)
Prevalence of dementing illnesses is expected to grow due to aging of the population throughout the world. Vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease share several risk factors and are nowadays considered two ends of a continuum rather than two distinct entities. Traditional cardiovascular risk markers such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, metabolic(More)