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Experiments were carried out to examine interaction between mechanical changes of the muscle-tendon unit and reduced reflex sensitivity after repeated and prolonged passive muscle stretching (RPS). There is some evidence that this interaction might be relevant also during active stretch-shortening cycle type of fatigue tasks. The results demonstrated a(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the objective physical function of the lower extremities, to measure the properties of quadriceps femoris muscle (QFM), and to assess subjective disabilities in men with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to compare the results with those obtained from age- and sex-matched control subjects. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify differences in bone texture between subjects with different stages of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and age- and gender-matched controls from plain radiographs using advanced image analysis methods. DESIGN Altogether 203 knees were imaged using constant X-ray parameters and graded according to Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grading scale (KL0: n(More)
PURPOSE Aging diminishes the ability to run fast, but the specific mechanisms responsible for this deterioration remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the age-related decline in sprint running ability through a cross-sectional examination of biomechanical and skeletal muscle characteristics in 77 competitive male sprinters aged 17-82(More)
Repetitive impulsive forces during walking are claimed to result in joint osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to investigate impact loading and gait symmetry during level and stair walking in asymptomatic elderly subjects with knee OA. It was hypothesised that pre-activity of the quadriceps femoris muscle (QF) would be an important factor(More)
The aim was to examine the biomechanics of level- and stair-walking in men with knee osteoarthritis (OA) at different pre-determined gait speeds and to compare the results with those obtained from healthy control subjects. Special emphasis was placed on the estimation of joint loading. Fifty-four men with knee OA (50-69 years) and 53 healthy age- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine reproducibility of load measurements with skin-mounted accelerometers (SMAs) during walking. DESIGN Reliability study. SETTING A motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Ten healthy young men. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Two triaxial accelerometers were fixed to the subjects' skin above and below the(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the standing balance and the function of vastus medialis (VM) and biceps femoris (BF) muscles with surface electromyography (EMG). Fifty-four subjects with uni- or bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) (aged 50-69 years) and 53 age-matched randomly selected clinically and radiologically healthy men participated in this(More)
Eighteen young (23±4 yr) and 25 older (70±4 yr) male sprinters were examined for ground reaction force (GRF) and temporal-spatial variables. The data were collected during maximum-speed phase, and variability and symmetry indices were calculated from a total of 8 steps. There was little variation (CV<6%) in vertical and resultant GRF and kinematic(More)
BACKGROUND There are currently very few of studies which have evaluated the role of bariatric surgery in joint loadings and changes in gait. We wanted to examine how impulsive loading would change level and stair walking in severely or morbidly obese subjects after they had undergone bariatric surgery and weight loss. METHODS Thirteen female and three(More)