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Adipose-resident T cells (ARTs) regulate metabolic and inflammatory responses in obesity, but ART activation signals are poorly understood. Here, we describe class II major histocompatibility complex (MHCII) as an important component of high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Microarray analysis of primary adipocytes revealed that multiple genes involved in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of hematopoietic deletion of nuclear factor- (erythroid-derived 2) like 2 factor (Nrf2) on the development of atherosclerosis and liver injury in an obese, hypercholesterolemic mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS Two-month-old male low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice were lethally irradiated and transplanted with(More)
Obesity, a worldwide epidemic, confers increased risk for multiple serious conditions, including cancer, and is increasingly recognized as a growing cause of preventable cancer risk. Chronic inflammation, a well-known mediator of cancer, is a central characteristic of obesity, leading to many of its complications, and obesity-induced inflammation confers(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) activation induces adipogenesis and also enhances lipogenesis, mitochondrial activity, and insulin sensitivity in adipocytes. Whereas some studies implicate PPARγ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) in the mitochondrial effect, the mechanisms involved in PPARγ regulation of adipocyte mitochondrial function are not(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) display anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic properties by inhibiting cyclooxygenases and blocking prostaglandin production. Previous studies, however, suggested that some NSAIDs also modulate peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs), raising the possibility that such off target effects(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) act through peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) γ to increase insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but deleterious effects of these ligands mean that selective modulators with improved clinical profiles are needed. We obtained a crystal structure of PPARγ ligand binding domain (LBD) and found that the ligand(More)
Adipose tissue inflammation increases with obesity, but adipocyte vs. immune cell contributions are unclear. In the present study, transcriptome analyses were performed on highly-purified subcutaneous adipocytes from lean and obese women, and differentially expressed genes/pathways were determined in both adipocyte and stromal vascular fraction (SVF)(More)
Epicardial fat is a unique adipose tissue located between the myocardium and the visceral layer of pericardium. This tissue is characterized by highly active fatty acid metabolism and highly expressed thermogenic genes. Epicardial fat and the underlying myocardium share the same microcirculation, suggesting a close and strong interaction between these two(More)
A.J. Dannenberg and N.A. Berger (eds.), Obesity, Infl ammation and Cancer, Energy Balance and Cancer 7, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-6819-6_2, © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Abstract Infl ammasomes are a family of protein complexes that recognize diverse microbial and endogenous danger signals to promote innate immune responses, tissue infl(More)
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