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Clothianidin (CTD) is a novel, broad-spectrum insecticide. In the current study, it was aimed to study the effect of subchronic exposure to low doses of CTD (2, 8 and 24 mg/kg body weight/day) on the reproductive system in adult rats. CTD treatment did not significantly change serum testosterone level or sperm parameters (e.g. concentration, motility and(More)
Copeptin, adropin and irisin are polypeptide hormones implicated in energy homostasis and diabetes. The purposes of this study were (1) to compare the copeptin, adropin and irisin concentrations between colostrum, transitional and mature milk and plasma in lactating women with and without GDM and (2) to compare these values with those from non-lactating(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a well-recognized cause of male sexual dysfunction and impairments of male fertility. Streptozotocin (STZ) is used for medical treatment of neoplastic islet β-cells of pancreas and producing of animal model of diabetes mellitus type 1 that is characterized by suppression of reproductive activity due to the hyperglycaemia-induced(More)
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS Ghrelin, a recently discovered hormone, is released largely from stomach and might affect insulin secretion and glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to determine the immunohistochemical localization of ghrelin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat kidneys. METHODS Fifty-four adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. All(More)
We have investigated how diabetes affects the expression of adropin (ADR) in rat brain, cerebellum, kidneys, heart, liver, and pancreas tissues. The rats in the diabetic group were administered an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of a single dose of 60 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) dissolved in a 0.1 M phosphate–citrate buffer (pH 4.5). The rats were(More)
Irisin was first identified in skeletal muscle cells, but its precise location has not yet been demonstrated, and there is limited information about irisin protein in other human and rat tissues. The present immunohistochemical study was undertaken to screen skeletal muscle and other tissues for irisin immunoreactivity. İrisin staining was found in the(More)
Diabetes is characterized by high blood glucose levels; it occurs in 30-35% of the population. Elevated glucose levels can damage a number of organs, including the kidneys. Several peptide hormones participate in maintaining glucose homeostasis including the recently discovered "adropin," a 42 amino acid peptide hormone. Adropin also alters inducible nitric(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) causes energy depletion through imbalance between coronary blood supply and myocardial demand. Irisin produced by the heart reduces ATP production by increasing heat generation. Energy depletion affects irisin concentration in circulation and cardiac tissues, suggesting an association with MI. We examined: (1) irisin expression(More)
It is reported that the pineal gland and its main hormone melatonin may have a role in the regulation of ghrelin synthesis in the brain. Stomach is the place where ghrelin is predominantly expressed and secreted. One aim of this study was to investigate possible effects of pinealectomy and melatonin treatment on gastric ghrelin amount. The studies on the(More)
Irisin is a muscle-secreted protein. Cardiac muscle produces more irisin than skeletal muscle in response to acute exercise, and is associated with myocardial infarction (MI) in an experimental model induced by isoproterenol in rats. The timing and significance of its release in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) needs further investigation. We(More)