Tun-Tschu Chang

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Resistance to conventional fungicides causes the poor disease control of agriculture. Natural products from plants have great potential as novel fungicide sources for controlling pathogenic fungi. In this study antipathogenic activity of the leaf essential oil and its constituents from Calocedrus macrolepis var. formosana Florin were evaluated in vitro(More)
Antrodia cinnamomea is reinstated as the correct name for a basidiomycete consistently associated with Cinnamomum kanehirai. Antrodia salmonea nov. sp., causing a brown heart rot of Cunninghamia konishii in Taiwan, is described and illustrated. Antrodia cinnamomea and A. salmonea are morphologically similar but can be separated by pore surface color of(More)
We have previously shown that a concentrated ethanol extract of the fruiting bodies of Antrodia camphorata exhibited immunomodulating effects in human leukocytes and fourteen compounds including zhankuic acids A, B, C, and antcin K were identified in the extract. In this study, an acute cellular model in isolated peripheral human neutrophils was established(More)
The main purposes of this study were to investigate the regulation of polysaccharides isolated from A. cinnamomea on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced cyclin D1 expression and down stream signaling pathway that may correlate with their anti-angiogenc effects in endothelial cells (ECs). Crude and fractionated polysaccharides (Fra-1 to Fra-4)(More)
Antrodia cinnamomea, a polyporus mushroom of Taiwan, has long been used as a remedy for cancer, hypertension, and hangover, with an annual market of over $100 million (US) in Taiwan. We obtained a 32.15-Mb genome draft containing 9,254 genes. Genome ontology enrichment and pathway analyses shed light on sexual development and the biosynthesis of(More)
Antrodia cinnamomea is an expensive medicinal fungus that grows only inside the rotten trunk of Cinnamomum kanehirae . In vitro culture of A. cinnamomea fruiting body is difficult and, therefore, of value for further investigation. To study whether the fructification of A. cinnamomea is strain dependent in artificial media, we grew four different A.(More)
The scaly tree fern, Cyathea lepifera, in Taiwan has been devastated by an ascomycetous pathogen in recent years. This fungus resembles species of Diaporthe, but unlike anamorphs of Diaporthe that produce two types of conidia, its anamorph produces one conidium type. It is described herein as Ophiodiaporthe cyatheae gen. et sp. nov. Through pathogenicity(More)
Since the 1990s, brown root rot caused by Phellinus noxius (Corner) Cunningham has become a major tree disease in Taiwan. This fungal pathogen can infect more than 200 hardwood and softwood tree species, causing gradual to fast decline of the trees. For effective control, we must determine how the pathogen is disseminated and how the new infection center of(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) play a central role in the initiation and regulation of immune responses. Increasing evidence has indicated that manipulation of DC can serve as a therapeutic mechanism for immunomodulation. In this study we tested some unique compounds isolated from Antrodia cinnamomea, a medicinal fungus in Taiwan, on mouse bone marrow-derived DC(More)
Triterpenoids gilvsins A-D (1-4), with oxygenated lanostane skeletons, were isolated from the fruiting body of Phellinus gilvus, together with two known compounds, 24-methylenelanost-8-ene-3beta, 22-diol and 5alpha-ergosta-7,22-diene-3-one. The structures of 1-4 were deduced from analysis of spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration at C-22 of 1 was(More)