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We present here spirocyclic lactam derivatives, embodying D-Phe and L-Ala amino acids as the central core and acting as tetrapeptide and hexapeptide mimetics. An efficient route for their synthesis is demonstrated by using the strategic combination of Seebach's self-reproduction of chirality chemistry and the Pictet-Spengler condensation as key steps. The(More)
Halogen bonding is the noncovalent interaction between halogen atoms (Lewis acids) and neutral or anionic Lewis bases. The main features of the interaction are given, and the close similarity with the hydrogen bonding will become apparent. Some heuristic principles are presented to develop a rational crystal engineering based on halogen bonding. The focus(More)
Halogen bonding has been extensively described in the context of a variety of self-assembled supramolecular systems and efficiently utilized in the rational design of materials with specific structural properties. However, it has so far received only little recognition for its possible role in the stabilization of small molecule-protein complexes. In this(More)
Halogen bonding is the noncovalent interaction where halogen atoms function as electrophilic species. The energetic and geometrical features of the interaction are described along with the atomic characteristics that confer molecules with the specific ability to interact through this interaction. Halogen bonding has an impact on all research fields where(More)
This critical review describes how halocarbons can function as effective binding sites of anions via halogen bonding, the noncovalent interaction whereby halogen atoms accept electron density. The focus is on the binding and coordination of oxyanions, by far the most numerous class of anions in organic chemistry. It is shown how a large variety of inorganic(More)
The halogen bonding and the pi...pi stacking interactions induce the noncovalent self-assembly of modules into photoreactive supramolecular architecture. The pi...pi interaction pre-organizes the template, and the halogen bonding aligns the olefins to conform to the topochemical principle for photoreaction. The UV irradiation of the crystal resulted in a(More)
A new heteroditopic receptor for alkali metal halides has been designed and synthesized. It is comprised of a well-established motif for cation binding and a motif for halogen-bonding-based anion recognition processes. The single-crystal X-ray structure of the complex between the heteroditopic receptor and sodium iodide is reported. Thanks to the(More)
The intermolecular [3 + 2] annulation of azomethine ylides with 2(2-nitrophenyl)acrylate dienophiles followed by reductive heterocyclization affords the spiro(indole-pyrrolidine) ring system. Hence, this enable us to accomplish a concise and highly enantioselective synthesis of (-)-horsfiline 1, based on chiral auxiliary-directed pi-face discrimination in(More)
The "memory of chirality" stereodivergent synthesis of polyfluorobenzo[d]sultams has been developed. The interest of this protocol resides in the possibility of using the chirality of a starting sulfonamide single enantiomer to synthesize the target sultams in both absolute configurations, by using different base systems, under homogeneous conditions.
The synthesis of a novel Phe-Ala dipeptide mimic, built up on a diazaspirocyclic lactam core, is presented. This new scaffold was evaluated for conformational mimicry of reverse turn by combining molecular modeling, IR, NMR, and X-ray diffraction experiments. All these tools agree on the presence of a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond, thus demonstrating(More)