Learn More
Five familial cases (in two families) and one sporadic case of a new congenital myasthenic syndrome were investigated. Symptoms arise in infancy or later life. Typically, one finds selective involvement of cervical, scapular, and finger extensor muscles, ophthalmoparesis, and variable involvement of other muscles. There is a repetitive muscle action(More)
We tested the efficacy and safety of glutamine (0.6 gm/kg/day) and creatine (5 gm/day) in 50 ambulant boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in a 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Drug efficacy was tested by measuring muscle strength manually (34 muscle groups) and quantitatively (10 muscle groups). Timed functional tests, functional(More)
We studied the clinical, biochemical, and genetic features of eight patients with the autosomal recessive mitochondrial syndrome mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE). MNGIE is clinically characterized by ophthalmoparesis, peripheral neuropathy, leukoencephalopathy, gastrointestinal symptoms (recurrent nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea)(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a double-blind, randomized study comparing efficacy and safety of daily and weekend prednisone in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS A total of 64 boys with DMD who were between 4 and 10 years of age were randomized at 1 of 12 centers of the Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group. Efficacy and safety(More)
The distribution of cathepsin D, an acidic endopeptidase, was localized by immunocytochemistry in human skeletal muscle obtained from 34 persons with a variety of neuromuscular disorders. Normal human skeletal muscle contained small amounts of cathepsin D, all of which was found close to the sarcolemmal membrane. Immunoreactive cathepsin D was present in(More)
We measured calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) content in muscles of fetuses at risk of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and in a premature infant who later developed typical DMD. There was a three- to six-fold increase in muscle Ca in the fetuses and in the premature infant. In contrast to our previous reports of reduced muscle Mg in DMD children, there was(More)
Calcium accumulates in muscles of dystrophic hamsters (DH) and patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Various Ca antagonists were beneficial to the cardiomyopathy of DH, but had only minor effects on skeletal muscle. We administered a new Ca antagonist, diltiazem, 25 mg/kg/day orally to normal and dystrophic hamsters from ages 37 to 92 days. We observed(More)