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BACKGROUND At least 50 percent of the injections administered each year are unsafe, more particularly in developing countries, posing serious health risks. An initial assessment to describe injection practices; their determinants and adverse effects can prevent injection-associated transmission of blood borne pathogens by reducing injection frequency and(More)
Organochlorine insecticides (BHC, aldrin, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, p,p'-DDT) were measured in the blood, placenta and fetus of women experiencing spontaneous abortions, preterm labor or full-term labor using an electron-capture gas chromatographic method. The following trend was found for insecticide concentrations in each of the specimens tested: spontaneous(More)
Cancers of the breast, uterine cervix, and lip or oral cavity are three of the most common malignancies in India. Together, they account for about 34% of more than 1 million individuals diagnosed with cancer in India each year. At each of these cancer sites, tumours are detectable at early stages when they are most likely to be cured with standard treatment(More)
RESEARCH QUESTIONS What is the level of knowledge and awareness of common cancers? What are the prevalent attitudes and behaviours relating to common cancers? OBJECTIVES To assess knowledge, attitudes and behaviours regarding common cancers amongst urban slum dwellers in New Delhi. STUDY DESIGN Field-based cross-sectional survey of an urban slum(More)
Suppression of T cell response is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Regulatory T cell (Treg) mediated immune-suppression is reported in animal models of Leishmania infection. However, their precise role among human patients still requires pathologic validation. The present study is aimed at understanding the(More)
BACKGROUND The development of neutralizing anti-factor VIII alloantibodies (inhibitors) in patients with severe hemophilia A may depend on the concentrate used for replacement therapy. METHODS We conducted a randomized trial to assess the incidence of factor VIII inhibitors among patients treated with plasma-derived factor VIII containing von Willebrand(More)
INTRODUCTION Hairy cell leukemia is a rare chronic B-cell disorder that follows an indolent but progressive course. This disorder is characterized by pancytopenia, splenomegaly, bone marrow fibrosis and the presence of atypical lymphoid cells with hairy projections in peripheral blood, bone marrow and spleen. Treatment is mainly with nucleoside analog(More)
INTRODUCTION Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative modality for aplastic anemia; the preferred stem cell source is bone marrow. However, allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) used in high-risk patients is associated with higher risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Our center receives(More)
Premature labour and abortion possibly due to the high concentration of organochlorine pesticides have been investigated. Considerably higher amounts of organochlorine pesticide residues have been detected by gas liquid chromatography in the circulating blood and placental tissue of the women undergoing abortion or premature labour as compared with pregnant(More)