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OBJECTIVE Research into risk and protective factors for psychiatric disorders may help reduce the burden of these conditions. Spirituality and religion are 2 such factors, but research remains limited. Using a representative national sample of respondents, this study examines the relation between worship frequency and the importance of spiritual values and(More)
BACKGROUND As assessment of clinical pretest probability is the first step in the diagnostic evaluation of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), it is important to know if the clinical features of DVT are the same in men and women. OBJECTIVES To compare the prevalence and clinical characteristics of DVT, and the accuracy of clinical pretest probability assessment,(More)
Outcome studies of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with conventional balloon angioplasty have established increased in-hospital and 1-year mortality in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction compared with others. It is unclear whether recent PCI practice innovations, including stents and adjunctive pharmacotherapy, have made PCI safer and(More)
In contrast to adults, the murine neonatal CD4+ compartment contains a high frequency of recent thymic emigrants (RTEs). However, the functional capabilities of these cells in neonates are relatively unknown. Moreover, it has not been determined whether RTEs from neonates and adults are comparable. Here we have directly compared neonatal and adult CD4+ RTEs(More)
The selection of a method for estimating treatment effects in an intent-to-treat analysis from clinical trial data with missing values often depends on the field of practice. The last observation carried forward (LOCF) analysis assumes that the responses do not change after dropout. Such an assumption is often unrealistic. Analysis with completers only(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D (VD) supplementation has pleiotropic effects that extend beyond their impact on bone health, including the disruption of downstream VD receptor signaling and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) signaling through the ErbB2/AKT/ERK pathway. In the present study, we examined our institutional experience with patients having(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate by microarray the hypothesis that LH(BETA)T(AG) retinoblastoma tumors exhibit regional and temporal variations in gene expression. METHODS LH(BETA)T(AG) mice aged 12, 16, and 20 weeks were euthanatized (n = 9). Specimens were taken from five tumor areas (apex, anterior lateral, center, base, and posterior(More)
We hypothesize that infusion of chemotherapeutic agents directly into the fourth ventricle potentially may play a role in treating malignant posterior fossa brain tumors. Accordingly, we used a piglet model developed in our laboratory to test the safety of etoposide infusions into the fourth ventricle and to study the pharmacokinetics associated with these(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of endogenous creatinine clearance by mathematical equations such as the Cockcroft-Gault formula is used in clinical practice in spite of the reported concern for their limited predictability. The aim of this study is to determine whether the measured creatinine clearance can be predicted accurately by a number of published equations(More)