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Torpor in hibernating mammals defines the nadir in mammalian metabolic demand and body temperature that accommodates seasonal periods of reduced energy availability. The mechanism of metabolic suppression during torpor onset is unknown, although the CNS is a key regulator of torpor. Seasonal hibernators, such as the arctic ground squirrel (AGS), display(More)
Hibernation is an adaptation to overcome periods of resource limitation often associated with extreme climatic conditions. The hibernation season consists of prolonged bouts of torpor that are interrupted by brief interbout arousals. Physiological mechanisms regulating spontaneous arousals are poorly understood, but may be related to a need for(More)
RATIONALE Evidence links longevity to dietary restriction (DR). A decrease in body temperature (T(b)) is thought to contribute to enhanced longevity because lower T(b) reduces oxidative metabolism and oxidative stress. It is as yet unclear how DR decreases T(b). OBJECTIVE Here, we test the hypothesis that prolonged DR decreases T(b) by sensitizing(More)
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) improves prognosis after cardiac arrest; however, thermoregulatory responses such as shivering complicate cooling. Hibernators exhibit a profound and safe reversible hypothermia without any cardiovascular side effects by lowering the shivering threshold at low ambient temperatures (Ta). Activation of adenosine A1 receptors(More)
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