Tukasa Kondo

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We investigated the effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP-38) on synaptic transmission in rat hippocampal slices using extracellular recordings. Brief bath application of PACAP-38 induced a long-lasting depression of transmission at the Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapse while at the same time causing enhancement of the(More)
The prognosis of patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is still not satisfactory because, while treatment-related mortalities have decreased, relapse after HSCT remains a major concern. The effectiveness of allogeneic HSCT for hematological malignancies is the result of immunologic rejection of recipient leukemia cells by(More)
Centrally active amino acids (GABA, glutamate, aspartate) were assayed enzyme-fluorometrically in five brain regions of the rat after a 16-day administration of methamphetamine (2.5 mg/kg, i.p.) and haloperidol (2.5 mg/kg, i.p.), or both agents together. Methamphetamine caused no statistically-significant changes in the GABA contents in any brain areas, a(More)
Hiccup reflex is a coordinated motor activity that causes a brief strong inspiratory movement accompanied by glottic adduction. Our previous study has demonstrated that mechanical stimulation of the dorsal epipharynx elicits hiccup-like response. To identify the afferent pathway of the hiccup-like response, the pharyngeal branch of the glossopharyngeal(More)
A bee venom, mast cell degranulating peptide (MCD), which induces long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in hippocampal slices, was found to possess multiple functions. They include (1) binding and thereby inhibiting a voltage-dependent K(+)-channel in brain membranes, (2) incorporation in a lipid bilayer to form voltage-dependent and(More)
Mast cell degranulating peptide (MCD) induces long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. MCD has been shown to bind to a voltage-dependent A-type potassium channel with high-affinity (less than 1 nM). However, the concentration necessary to induce LTP is more than 500 nM, suggesting that some other functions of MCD are also(More)
A bee venom, mast-cell-degranulating (MCD) peptide, was synthesized by stepwise formation of the two disulfide bridges. This synthetic MCD peptide induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 region of a hippocampus slice at concentrations ranging from 10(-7) to 10(-5) M. The potentiating effect of MCD was not lost by biotinylation of its N-terminus, and(More)
The innervation of the arteriovenous anastomoses in the dog tongue has been investigated. At the light-microscopic level, the vessels were found to be densely supplied with adrenergic and AChE-positive nerve plexuses and less densely with the quinacrine-binding nerve plexus. At the electron-microscopic level, at least two apparently different types of axon(More)
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