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The expression of "naming," "commanding," "angry," "frightened," "pleading," "astonished," "satisfied," "admiring," "scornful," and "sad" was with the word [saara] spoken by 12 subjects. Using the same connotations, the 120 utterances were categorized by 73 listeners. Most samples were agreed on by 50%-99% of the judges. Most samples of "astonished,"(More)
The self-organizing map, a neural network algorithm of Kohonen, was used for the detection of coarticulatory variation of fricative [s] preceding vowels [a:], [i:], and [u:]. The results were compared with the psychoacoustic classification of the same samples to find out whether the map had extracted perceptually meaningful features of [s]. The map(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerotic lesions contain foam cells that arise from monocyte-macrophages and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) by excessive uptake of lipoproteins. There are many candidate receptors for the lipid accumulation, such as LDL receptor (LDLR), VLDL receptor (VLDLR), LDL receptor-related protein (LRP), and scavenger receptors (SRs). However, little(More)
To obtain a perceptual reference for acoustic feature selection, 94 male and 124 female voices were categorized using the ratings of 6 clinicians on visual analog scales for pathology, roughness, breathiness, strain, asthenia, and pitch. Partial correlations showed that breathiness and roughness were the main determinants of pathology. The six-dimensional(More)
The self-organizing map (a neural network) was applied to the spectral pattern recognition of voice quality in 34 subjects: 15 patients operated on because of insufficient glottal closure and 19 subjects not treated for voice disorders. The voice samples, segments of sustained /a/, were perceptually rated by six experts. A self-organized acoustic feature(More)
Acoustic differences between samples of [i], [u], and [a] uttered in nose-open and nose-obstructed condition were studied in 6 women with isolated cleft palate and pathological nasalance scores and 9 healthy women with normal nasalance scores. The speech samples were depicted by 14-component vocal tract area feature vectors obtained by linear prediction and(More)
The purpose of this paper is to search for reasons for Internet banking resistance among those bank customers who already make their payment transactions via ATM. The objective is to ascertain how different service-and channel-related factors influence resistance to Internet banking before and after the trial phase of the adoption process. In other words,(More)
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