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Shortening of telomeres has been connected with ageing and loss of cell replication or regeneration capacity. The aim of the present study was to examine potential variation in the length of telomeric repeats in silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) using clonal materials consisting of different-aged outdoor trees and tissue cultures of seven genotypes. The(More)
In this study, 900-bp (signed as p including nucleotides -1 to -886) and partly deleted (signed as dp including nucleotides -1 to -414) COMT (caffeate/5-hydroxyferulate O-methyltransferase) promoters from Populus tremuloides Michx. were fused to the GUS reporter gene, and the tissue-specific expression patterns of the promoters were determined in Betula(More)
We describe the first ever expression of Vitreoscilla haemoglobin (VHb) in an economically important boreal woody plant hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x tremuloides). VHb has mainly been expressed in biotechnologically important unicellular organisms of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic origin. VHb expression, in this study, was analysed under different(More)
Transgenic silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) lines were produced in order to modify lignin biosynthesis. These lines carry COMT (caffeate/5-hydroxyferulate O-methyltransferase) gene from Populus tremuloides driven by constitutive promoter 35S CaMV (cauliflower mosaic virus) or UbB1 (ubiquitin promoter from sunflower). The decreased syringyl/guaiacyl (S/G)(More)
The shortening of telomeres, the specific structures at the end of the eukaryotic chromosomes, has been associated with ageing and loss of cell replication or regeneration capacity. The aim of this study was to determine the variation in telomeric repeats during the life-span of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) by studying different tissues and age groups(More)
In coniferous species, including Greek fir (Abies cephalonica Loud), the involvement of somatic embryo plants in breeding and reforestation programs is dependent on the success of long-term cryostorage of embryogenic cultures during clonal field testing. In the present study on Greek fir, we assayed the recovery, morphological characteristics and genetic(More)
The study demonstrates the production of a transgenic Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedling through the application of transformed pollen in controlled crossings. The pollen lots were transformed by particle bombardment, resulting in transient transformation frequencies varying from 15 to 49% of the germinated pollen grains, and bombarded pollen was(More)
Scots pine plantlets were produced via tissue culture using cotyledons excised from germinated embryos as explants. The optimum tissue culture conditions were: 1/2GDbasal medium gelled with agar-Gelrite during shoot formation and with agar during rooting, inclusion of 5.0μM benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 0.05 μM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) for 2 weeks for(More)
Cryopreservation--the storage of plant germplasm in liquid nitrogen--provides a modern tool for the conservation of forest genetic resources. It is especially applicable for species in which their micropropagation can be initiated from mature tree buds, e.g., silver birch (Betula pendula Roth), thus enabling the conservation of specific genotypes:(More)
BACKGROUND For the conservation of hybrid aspen germplasm, cryostorage of dormant in vivo buds is a convenient back-up method for field collections. In practice in Finland, bud collection is performed from February to March. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess how this time schedule can be extended without compromising regeneration. In addition,(More)