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It is common knowledge that mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) lines accumulate chromosomal changes during culture. Despite the wide use of mESCs as a model of early mammalian development and cell differentiation, there is a lack of systematic studies aimed at characterizing their karyological changes during culture. We cultured an mESC line, derived in our(More)
We propose, here, an FT-IR method to monitor the spontaneous differentiation of murine embryonic stem (ES) cells in their early development. Principal component analysis and subsequent linear discriminant analysis enabled us to segregate stem cell spectra into separate clusters - corresponding to different differentiation times - and to identify the most(More)
A recent remarkable study has shown that when mouse NIH-3T3 fibroblasts are exposed to an embryonic stem cell (ESC) extract, the majority of them expresses the Oct-4 gene, form ESC-like colonies, and embryoid-like bodies that differentiate into cells of the three germ layers. The use of cell extracts for inducing cell dedifferentiation could be a powerful(More)
Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is a human bone disease mainly caused by TCIRG1 gene mutations that prevent osteoclasts resorbing activity, recapitulated by the oc/oc mouse model. Bone marrow transplantation is the only available treatment, limited by the need for a matched donor. The use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) as an unlimited source of(More)
Although mouse embryonic stem cell lines (mESCs) have been established since 1981, systematic studies about chromosomal changes during culture are lacking. In this study, we report the results of a cytogenetic analysis performed on three mESC lines (named UPV02, UPV06 and UPV08) cultured for a period of 3 months. At time intervals, the variation of the(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD) causes abnormalities during heart development. Cardiomyocytes derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells are a robust model for the study of early cardiomyogenesis. Here, we evaluated the effects of TCDD at key stages during the differentiation of mouse ES cells into cardiomyocytes analysing: (i) the transcription(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells have features that resemble the pluripotent cells of peri-implantation embryos and have been used as an in vitro model to assess the effects of test substances on these stages of development. Here, for the first time, we report on the effects of the xenobiotic 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD) on mouse ES cells cultured(More)
Regenerative medicine deals with the possible use of stem cells to repair tissues damaged by aging and related diseases, including amyloidoses. In the latter case, the toxicity of the amyloid deposits can, in principle, question the possibility to graft specific tissues by undifferentiated cells. To assess whether stem cells are vulnerable to amyloid(More)
The application of stem cells to regenerative medicine is one of the actual hot topics in biomedicine. This research could help the cure of a number of diseases that are affecting a large share of the population. Some good results in cell replacement have already been obtained (infarcted heart, diabetes, Parkinson disease), apart from those of more(More)
Genomic disorders resulting from large rearrangements of the genome remain an important unsolved issue in gene therapy. Chromosome transplantation, defined as the perfect replacement of an endogenous chromosome with a homologous one, has the potential of curing this kind of disorders. Here we report the first successful case of chromosome transplantation by(More)
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