Tucker Tomlinson

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If carbon dioxide is removed by an extracorporeal membrane lung ventilated with room air, the natural lung can be used for oxygen transport alone; we have demonstrated this in lambs by maintaining lungs "inflated" with 100 percent oxygen at constant pressure and removing all carbon dioxide through the membrane lung. This process is a variant of "apneic(More)
Various amounts of carbon dioxide were removed through an extracorporeal membrane lung in spontaneously breathing lambs. The decrease in alveolar ventilation was proportional to the fraction of total carbon dioxide removed by the membrane lung. When extracorporeal CO2 removal approximated CO2 production (VCO2), alveolar ventilation almost ceased. Pulmonary(More)
Five lambs were anaesthetized, paralysed, mechanically ventilated and connected to a membrane "lung" to permit removal of carbon dioxide. When part of the carbon dioxide was removed in this manner, the tidal volume was decreased to keep PaCO2 constant. For example, when 70% of carbon dioxide was removed by the membrane lung, total ventilation was reduced by(More)
We describe a new form of mechanical pulmonary ventilation, low-frequency positive pressure ventilation with extracorporeal CO2 removal (LEPPV-ECCO2R). In a series of animal studies the rate of mechanical ventilation was 0.66, 1, 2, and 4 min-1 at a tidal volume of 3, 10, and 15 ml kg-1. We were able to maintain normal blood gases and normal lung volumes(More)
Previous studies examining lateralization of arm movements focused on supported movements in the horizontal plane, removing the effects of gravity. The authors hypothesized that interlimb differences in free reaching would be consistent with the differences shown during supported reaching. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected for the forearm and upper(More)
Spiral-coiled membrane lungs of 0.6 m2 surface area were fabricated from silicone rubber membranes coated with four types of commercially available pure-gum polysiloxane rubber: 1) polytrifluoropropylmethylvinylsiloxane, 2) polymethylphenylsiloxane, 3) polymethylvinylsiloxane, and 4) polydimethylsiloxane. Membranes lungs were tested in an arteriovenous(More)
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