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The structures of the 16-residue fusion domain (or fusion peptide, FP) of the human immunodeficiency virus gp41 fusion protein, two of its mutants, and a shortened peptide (5-16) were studied by molecular dynamics simulation in an explicit palmitoyloleoylphosphoethanolamine bilayer. The simulations showed that the active wild-type FP inserts into the(More)
In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of the interaction of three mutants, G3V, G5V and G10V, of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gp41 16-residue fusion peptide (FP) with an explicit palmitoyloleoylphosphatidyl-ethanolamine (POPE) lipid bilayer was performed. The goals of this work are to study the correlation of the fusogenic activity of(More)
Two neuropeptides, substance P (SP) and SP-tyrosine-8 (SP-Y8), have been studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in an explicit sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) micelle. Initially, distance restraints derived from NMR nuclear Overhauser enhancements (NOE) were incorporated in the restrained MD (RMD) during the equilibration stage of the simulation. It was(More)
The partition and structure of three adrenocorticotropic hormone peptides ACTH(1-10), ACTH(1-24), and ACTH(11-24) in water and in sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) and dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles were studied by 2D NMR and NMR gradient diffusion measurements. The diffusion rates, the NH chemical shifts, and the nuclear Overhauser effect patterns provided(More)
Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation results are presented to support our hypothesis that the conformation and the oligomeric state of the HIV-1 gp41 fusion domain or fusion peptide (gp41-FP) are determined by the membrane surface area per lipid (APL), which is affected by the membrane curvature. FTIR of(More)
Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) (1-10), an adrenocorticotropin hormone fragment, has been studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in an NPT ensemble in an explicit dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelle. Two starting configurations of the peptide/micelle system, corresponding to the insertion and surface-binding modes, were used. A common equilibrated(More)
Two neuropeptides, substance P (SP) and SP-tyrosine-8 (SP-Y8), have been studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in a TIP3P water/CCl4 biphasic solvent system as a mimic for the water-membrane system. Initially, distance restraints derived from NMR nuclear Overhauser enhancements (NOE) were incorporated in the restrained MD (RMD) in the equilibration(More)
The wild-type (wt) N-terminal 23-residue fusion peptide (FP) of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) fusion protein gp41 and its V2E mutant have been studied by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles as membrane mimics. A number of NMR techniques have been used. Pulsed field-gradient diffusion measurements in(More)
The structure and interactions of the 1-24 fragment of the adrenocorticotropin hormone, ACTH (1-24), with membrane have been studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in an NPT ensembles in two explicit membrane mimics, a dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelle and a dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayer. The starting configuration of the(More)