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Cadmium (Cd), one of the most toxic environmental and industrial pollutants, is known to exert gonadotoxic and spermiotoxic effects. In the present study, we examined the toxic effect of Cd on the testis of freshwater crab, Sinopotamon henanense. Crabs were exposed to different Cd concentrations (from 0 to 116.00 mg·L(-1)) for 7 d. Oxidative stress and(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic element in water. Its toxicity has been attributed to oxidative stress mediated by free radicals. Here we investigated the effects of Cd on the histopathology, antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation of crustacean heart. The freshwater crabs Sinopotamon yangtsekiense were exposed to different concentrations of Cd for 1, 3,(More)
To explore the respiratory and metabolic responses of the freshwater crab (Sinopotamon henanense) to Cd exposure, crabs were acutely exposed to 7.14, 14.28, 28.55 mg/L Cd for 96 h and subchronically exposed to 0.71, 1.43, 2.86 mg/L for three weeks. The oxygen consumption, concentrations of oxyhemocyanin, hemolymph protein, the activities of respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Although the chlorinated flame retardant Dechlorane (Dec) 602 has been detected in food, human blood, and breast milk, there is limited information on potential health effects, including possible immunotoxicity. OBJECTIVES We determined the immunotoxic potential of Dec 602 in mice by examining the expression of phenotypic markers on thymocyte(More)
Cell–substrate interaction is important in tissue engineering. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) cultured on the microgrooved surface of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) showed a distinctive polarized morphology and a high expression level of let-7a compared with the flat substrates. LIMK2, a crucial regulator of actin dynamics, was(More)
The health risk of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like PCBs (dl-PCBs) to human being should be assessed regularly. To evaluate the contamination levels in various food products in the Chinese market and to assess the dietary exposure of the Chinese population, 11 varieties of food groups totaling 634 samples(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) is a vital functional enzyme in cholinergic neurotransmission which can rapidly hydrolyze neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Emerging evidence showed that in addition to classical environmental AChE inhibitors, e.g. organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, dioxins are a(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) exposure in humans is associated with marked immune suppressions and increased incidence of lymphoblastic diseases. To elucidate mechanisms of impairments in humoral immune responses, we used a murine model. Following a 20-week administration of low doses of TCDD, we observed severely reduced antibody titers,(More)
Feed security is a prerequisite for safe animal food products. In this study, 13 groups of feed and feed ingredients, totaling 2067 samples, were collected in the period of 2011 to 2014 from China. The highest mean level of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was found in fish meals and shell powders, with a concentration of(More)
PC12 is a well studied cell model for neuronal differentiation. AChE is also considered as a marker for neuronal differentiation. In this study, we detected the change of AChE activity during the NGF induced differentiation of PC 12 cells, and targeted on the ratio of the activity of AChE on the cell surface, and found that NGF mainly increased the(More)