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We isolated a cDNA encoding a functional human thrombin receptor by direct expression cloning in Xenopus oocytes. mRNA encoding this receptor was detected in human platelets and vascular endothelial cells. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed a new member of the seven transmembrane domain receptor family with a large amino-terminal extracellular(More)
Thrombin both stimulates phosphoinositide hydrolysis and inhibits adenylyl cyclase in a variety of cell types. Whether the cloned human platelet thrombin receptor accounts for both of these signaling events is unknown. We report that thrombin receptor agonist peptide causes both phosphoinositide hydrolysis and inhibition of adenylyl cyclase in naturally(More)
Platelet activation by the coagulation protease thrombin is central to arterial thrombosis, a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We recently isolated a complementary DNA encoding the platelet thrombin receptor. The extracellular amino-terminal extension of this seven transmembrane domain receptor contains the putative thrombin cleavage site LDPR/S(More)
The human platelet thrombin receptor is activated when thrombin cleaves its receptor's amino-terminal extension to reveal a new amino terminus that functions as a tethered peptide ligand. Exactly how this "agonist peptide domain" remains cryptic within the uncleaved receptor and becomes functional after receptor cleavage is unknown. In this report we define(More)
Platelet activation by thrombin is critical for hemostasis and thrombosis. Structure-function studies with a recently cloned platelet thrombin receptor suggest that a hirudin-like domain in the receptor's extracellular amino terminal extension is a thrombin-binding determinant important for receptor activation. We now report that a peptide antiserum to this(More)
Platelet activation by thrombin plays a critical role in hemostasis and thrombosis. Based on structure-activity studies of a cloned platelet thrombin receptor, we designed two "mirror image" antagonists of thrombin and thrombin receptor function. First, "uncleavable" peptides mimicking the receptor domain postulated to interact with thrombin were found to(More)
Thrombin is a multifunctional serine protease generated at sites of vascular injury. A host of thrombin actions on vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and macrophages has been defined in cell culture systems, but the in vivo significance of these activities is unknown. We have defined the expression of the recently identified receptor for(More)
A thrombin receptor has recently been cloned and the sequence deduced. The sequence reveals a thrombin cleavage site that accounts for receptor activation. The receptor also has an acidic region with some similarities to the carboxyl-terminal region of the leech thrombin inhibitor, hirudin. Synthetic peptides corresponding to the receptor cleavage site(More)