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BACKGROUND The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome (MDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of early childhood characterized by decreased mtDNA copy number in affected tissues. Recently, MDS has been linked to mutations in two genes involved in deoxyribonucleotide (dNTP) metabolism: thymidine kinase 2 (TK2) and deoxy-guanosine kinase (dGK).(More)
Inclusion body myositis, a chronic inflammatory disorder, is the most common cause of myopathy in adults over the age of 50. Diagnosis is based on clinical features and distinctive morphological findings by both light and electron microscopy. The causes of inclusion body myositis are still unknown. Ultrastructural mitochondrial changes and ragged-red fibers(More)
Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a sporadic multisystem disorder of oxidative phosphorylation associated with clonally expanded rearrangements of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Mitochondrial dysfunction in the central nervous system of patients with KSS accounts for the neurological manifestations of the disease. To gain further insight into the pathogenesis of(More)
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder defined clinically by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility; cachexia; ptosis, ophthalmoparesis, or both; peripheral neuropathy; leukoencephalopathy; and mitochondrial abnormalities. The disease is caused by mutations in the thymidine phosphorylase (TP) gene. TP(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied five new patients with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion to better define the clinical spectrum of this disorder. BACKGROUND mtDNA depletion has been associated with myopathy or hepatopathy, or both, in infants and young children. Involvement of the CNS and peripheral nervous system has not been clearly established. METHODS We(More)
A 61-year-old man with muscle aches and persistently elevated serum creatine kinase had aggregates of randomly oriented, rhomboidal or rectangular protein crystalline inclusions in the sarcoplasm of type II fibers. Immunochemical studies showed strong reactivity of the inclusions to tubulin antibodies, suggesting that these unique crystalline inclusions may(More)
The postnatal developmental patterns of sigma (sigma) and phencyclidine (PCP) binding sites were compared in the rat brain. The results show diametrically different ontogenic patterns for the sites. While both the affinity and the density of sigma sites remain constant throughout the developmental period tested (postnatal day 1 to 1 year), the density of(More)
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome is a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by a reduction in mitochondrial DNA copy number. The recent discovery of mutations in the deoxyguanosine kinase (dGK) gene in patients with the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome prompted us to screen 21 patients to determine the(More)
A patient with a severe progressive neuromuscular disorder resembling spinal muscular atrophy is reported. The initial muscle biopsy was consistent with a denervating process. DNA analysis did not reveal deletions in exons 7 and 8 of the survival motor neuron gene. Histology, histochemistry, and biochemistry of a second muscle biopsy suggested mitochondrial(More)
Constituents of the Cannabis plant, cannabinoids, may be of therapeutic value in neurologic diseases. The most abundant cannabinoids are Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, which possesses psychoactive properties, and cannabidiol, which has no intrinsic psychoactive effects, but exhibits neuroprotective properties in preclinical studies. A small number of(More)