Tsz-Lung Kwong

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A simplified comedogenic assay is described in which test materials are applied for 2 weeks to the ears of rabbits just external to the ear canal. Excised tissue is thus immersed in water at 60 degrees C for 2 min, yielding a sheet of epidermis with microcomedones attached. The magnitude of follicular hyperkeratosis is extracted with the stereomicroscope.(More)
With [Ru(p-cymene)Cl(2)](2) as catalyst, diazo-β-ketoanilides would undergo intramolecular carbenoid arene C-H bond functionalization to afford 3-alkylideneoxindoles in up to 92% yields. The reaction occurs under mild conditions and exhibits excellent chemoselectivity. The lack of primary KIE (k(H)/k(D) ~ 1) suggests that the reaction should not proceed by(More)
The utilization of bioethanol as the alcohol source for biodiesel production is more environmentally advantageous over methanol owing to its lower toxicity, lower flammability and its sustainable supply from renewable agricultural resources. However, as the presence of water in crude bioethanol is the critical factor limiting the biodiesel production(More)
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