Tsuyoshi Toyoshima

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In the course of an experiment involving brother-sister matings between ddN strain mice, mice occurred with an unusual facial appearance (flat-face). Subsequently, 4 mice with flat-face were bred from the litters of the second birth (ca. 10% frequency). This flat-face was assumed to be the result of a malformed short nose, hypoplastic maxilla and mandible,(More)
The congenital absence of the corpus callosum, a brain anomaly frequently noted in humans, has been recently found to occur in some mice of the ddN strain in our laboratory. In the brains of these mice, the Probst's longitudinal bundle is always present on both cerebral hemispheres and gives rise to some aberrant fibers toward the midline. In this research,(More)
The long-term effects of post-ischaemic hypothermia are controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term effects of post-ischaemic hypothermia on neuronal survival in gerbils in terms of morphology and function. Hypothermia was induced at 32 degrees C for 4 h immediately after ischaemia. Examination was performed at 1 week and at 1(More)
The implication of low affinity nerve growth factor receptor (p75NGFR), which is believed to play a pro-apoptotic role, in delayed neuronal death (DND) after ischemia in the gerbil hippocampus was investigated. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis revealed that the presence of p75 NGFR immunoreactivity (IR) was negligible in the hippocampus of the(More)
To study the sexual dimorphism of human corpus cauosum (CC), we analyzed the midsaggital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) morphometry in 67 adults aged (mean+/-s.d.) 36.82+/-9.35 years. Four specific angles of the CC were determined. All four angles in 34 females and 33 age-matched males showed a significant difference between females and males. These(More)
Calbindin-D28K (Calbindin) is a member of the superfamily of calcium-binding proteins that is implicated in the regulation of intracellular calcium. In the adult mammalian brain, calbindin was thought to be present only in neurones, where it is believed to serve a neuroprotective role. We now report the expression of calbindin after ischaemia in reactive(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptosis of neuronal cells plays a key role in many developmental and pathological processes of the central nervous system. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of cells undergoing apoptosis is cleaved by an endonuclease into oligonucleosoma-sized fragments. These fragments can be labeled using in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase so that the(More)
Immunoreactivity of neuronal and glial marker proteins of reactive astrocytes around the electrically damaged pyramidal layer and stratum radiatum of the hippocampal CA1 region and corpus callosum was chronologically studied in electrically lesioned rat brains. A monoclonal antibody against calbindin-D28 k (CD28-Ab) and a polyclonal antibody against glial(More)
The neurotoxicity of epsilon-toxin, one of the major lethal toxins produced by Clostridium perfringens type B, was studied by histological examination of the rat brain. When the toxin was injected intravenously at a lethal dose (100 ng/kg), neuronal damage was observed in many areas of the brain. Injection of the toxin at a sublethal dose (50 ng/kg) caused(More)